Top SAP Interview Questions & Answers in 2022-23

Understanding SAP

SAP, the abbreviation for Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing, is the leader in Enterprise Resource Planning software, popularly known as ERP. It is useful in the efficient management of a company’s resources. The SAP has integrated modules that cover prominent business management parts. One major advantage of SAP as an ERP system at a company is that it comes with a high integration level in its applications. This, in turn, ensures data consistency across the system and throughout the company. 

Why SAP?

Nowadays, customers stand interested in the idea of interaction that uses any single unified system. SAP helps to manage data in ways that efficiency is obtained using varied modules that are comprehensive and SAP-possessed. Now, this scope for SAP implementation puts the spotlight on the hard fact that data handling is indeed difficult, and its 

implementation-related nature is complex. Here’s what makes SAP significant-.

  •  The depth of SAP knowledge and the experience needed to understand this are detailed. No wonder the demand to earn a certification in SAP is immense.
  • SAP software can provide different business functions while having a single view of truth using centralised data management. Naturally, companies get to manage complex business processes better with easier access to real-time insights across enterprises for employees of varied departments. Therefore, businesses can enhance productivity, accelerate workflow, improve customer experiences, improve operational efficiency, and increase profits.
  • SAP has gradually become a highly paid specialisation, and you may consider the same as a competitive area in IT. SAP careers provide well-paid jobs that are rewarding, too, if you are someone possessing SAP proficiency. 

In the article, you can find a wide array of top SAP interview questions with inline answers. These apply to both freshers as well as experienced professionals.

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Questions and Answers from SAP Interview

Let’s take a peek at some commonly asked SAP Interview questions that you might be asked during an SAP interview.

The SAP security interview questions will allow you to understand the interview style involved in an SAP interview to help recruiters comprehend your level of expertise and also help hone some much-needed practice for the SAP interview preparation.

1. What is SAP?

SAP is an abbreviation for System, Application, and Product in Data Processing. It is one of the leading ERP software packages that help in the efficient management of resources of any company. SAP uses a combo of different departments to collect data in a unified way. This helps manage coordination and workflows. SAP Software provides solutions that are edge-to-edge while also covering a majority of the business requisites of clients. These could be operational, related to human resources, financial, or even e-commerce concerns.

2. Why is SAP used?

SAP basis interview questions allow you to showcase your fundamental conceptual strength. Hence go through the given pointers to revise your answer. 

  • SAP assists organisations of every size and enables industries to run businesses profitably while continuously getting modifications and growing sustainably.
  • The company develops SAP software-based solutions that large and smaller corporations might employ. Every business process can be mapped and designed using standard apps, platforms, solutions, and technologies. SAP software collects and processes the data on one platform, while the data may be related to material purchasing, production lines, and customer satisfaction.
  • SAP-based solutions could be used on-premises or cloud.

3. What is ERP?

ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning. It is software or, better put, an integrated computer system effectively used by a business for planning and managing daily activities. These could include manufacturing, financials, supply chain, and services. It also ensures information flow without interruption and helps to manage workflows within departments in any company or enterprise. In the beginning, the purpose of ERP was to plan and manage core business processes like production and financial markets. Now it has turned into integrating information for an entire organisation.

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4. What is Process Integration or Orchestration in SAP?

  • These tools in SAP permit integration of the solutions from its systems to other systems based on SAP or otherwise. Using these processes, data among different systems get synchronised easily. For instance, consider an SAP ERP system you want to integrate with a CRM system. This gets done via PI, which allows a user to perform such integrations using standard tools that permit the maintenance of various connections in one place.
  • When you use SAP PI or PO, synchronising data to any warehouse system becomes possible. For instance, in a case when you might wish to send orders related to information all at once.

5. Define the Logical Unit of Work.

  • The Logical Unit of Work or LUW  is a series of database-based operations that must be completely executed or not executed at all.
  • It helps guarantee the integrity of a database. A database is assumed to be correct when the LUW is concluded successfully. However, when an error occurs within LUW, all modifications made to this database from the initiation of the LUW get cancelled, and the related database gets returned to its previous state as before this LUW started. 
  • An LUW begins:
    • Each time you initiate a transaction.
    • When changes made to this database using the previous LUW get confirmed.
    • When changes are made to this database using the previous LUW get cancelled.
  • An LUW ends-
    • When changes made to the database get confirmed.
    • When changes made to the database get cancelled.

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6. What are NetWeaver and its advantages?

This technology platform is integrated and allows varied products from the mySAP suite on a single instance called the SAP WEBA( Web Application Server).

7.  What are the variables in the context of SAP?

  • Variables can be defined as query parameters set in the definition of parameter query and the values that get assigned only once the query is entered into workbooks.
  • There are many types of variables used in different applications. Some common variables are texts, formulas, replacement paths, user entry/default types, hierarchies, nodes, characteristics variables, and processing types.

8. What are the service types used in dealing with communication in SAP?

The types of services used in dealing with communication in SAP are Gateway Service and Message Service.

9. Explain the standard stages of SAP Payment Run.

The stages of SAP on the SAP Payment Run execution include:

  • Entering parameters
  • Proposal Scheduling
  • Payment booking
  • Printing of Payment forms

10. What is Batch Data Communication?

BDC or Batch Data Communication is mostly used for data transfers from Non-SAP systems to SAP R/3 systems. The methods you use for transferring data are-

  • Batch Input Session Method
  • Direct Input Method
  • Call Transaction Method

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Excelling in SAP Technology- How to do it? 

If you have braced yourself for the SAP basis interview questions for a long time now, ensure that you get a little closer to your goals by enrolling in upGrad’s Full Stack Software Development Bootcamp. This course comprises basics related to SAP technologies, and development, helping you learn the relevant skills favourable for working in the related industry. Besides this course, upGrad offers a user-friendly platform, flexible payment options and offers placement support while allowing you to connect with top industry leaders. 


SAP is a top company as well as a product that takes ample effort to get into. Developing the right skills and backing these with grit will help you crack the common SAP interview questions. Hopefully, the blog helps you understand what common sap security interview questions’ types you might expect while preparing for SAP basis interview questions. Enrol yourself in the upGrad boot camps and top courses to help you crack your dream SAP job.

What should I know about SAP before the interview process?

Ensure you hold profound knowledge about SAP’s fundamental and advanced concepts. Going through a compilation of the most important SAP interview questions will offer you a glance at what you can expect in the interview process.

How long is the SAP interview process?

The SAP interview process takes approximately 1 or 2 months and involves several steps like telephonic interview, on-premise interview and more.

In 2022, is SAP in demand?

Yes, of course. The SAP modules currently in demand are SAP FI, MM, SD, PP, HCM, and ABAP, among others.

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