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Spring Boot Annotations Everyone Should Know [2022]

Spring Boot Annotations is a form of metadata that provides data about a program that is not a part of the program itself. They do not have any direct effect on the operation of the code they annotate. Spring Boot Annotations do not use XML and instead use the convention over configuration principle. Check out our free technology courses to get an edge over the competition.

Given below are some important Spring Boot Annotations.

Spring Boot Annotations Everyone Should Know

1. @Bean

The @Bean annotations are used at the method level and indicate that a method produces a bean that is to be managed by Spring container. It is an alternative to the XML<bean> tag. 

Example:

@Bean

Public BeanExample beanExample ()

{

return new BeanExample (),

}

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2. @Service

It is used at the class level. It shows that the annotated class is a service class, such as business basic logic, and call external APIs.

Example:

@Service

public class TestService

{

public void service1()

{

// business code

}

}

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3. @Repository

It is a Data Access Object (DAO) that accesses the database directly. It indicates that the annotated class is a repository. 

Example:

@Repository

public class TestRepository

{

public void delete()

{

// persistence code

}

}

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4. @Configuration

It is used as a source of bean definitions. It is a class-level annotation.

Example:

@Configuration

public class Bus

{

@BeanBus engine()

{

return new Bus();

}

}

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5. @Controller

The annotation is used to indicate that the class is a web request handler. It is often used to present web pages. It is most commonly used with @RequestMapping annotation. 

Example:

@Controller

@RequestMapping(“cars”)

public class CarsController

{

@RequestMapping(value= “/{name}”, method= RequestMethod.GET)

public Employee getCarsByName()

{

Return carsTemplate;

}

}

6. @RequestMapping

RequestMapping is used to map the HTTP request. It is used with the class as well as the method. It has many other optional elements like consumes, name, method, request, path, etc.

Example:

@Controller

public class FlowersController

{

@RequestMapping (“/red-colour/flowers”)

public String getAllFlowers(Model model)

{

//application code

return “flowerlist”;

}

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7. @Autowired

This annotation is used to auto-wire spring bean on setter methods, constructor and instance variable. It injects object dependency implicitly. When we use this annotation, the spring container auto-wires the bean by its matching data type.

Example:

@Component

public class Employee

private Person person;

@Autowired

public Employee(Person person)

{

this.person=person

}

}

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8. @Component

It is a class-level annotation that turns the class into Spring bean at the auto-scan time.

Example:

@Component

Public class Teachers

{

……

}

9. @SpringBootApplication

It consists of @Configuration, @ComponentScan, and @EnabeAutoConfiguration. The class annotated with @SpringBootApplication is kept in the base package. This annotation does the component scan. However, only the sub-packages are scanned. 

10. @EnableAutoConfiguration

It is placed on the main application class. Based on classpath settings, other beans, and various property settings, this annotation instructs SpringBoot to start adding beans.

11. @ComponetScan

It is used to scan a package of beans. It is used with the annotation @Configuration to allow Spring to know the packages to be scanned for annotated components. This annotation is also used to specify base packages.

Example:

@ComponentScan(basePackages = “com.xyz”)

@Configuration

Public class ScanComponent

{

//…

}

12. @Required

This annotation is applied to bean setter methods. It indicates that the required property must be filled at the configuration time in the affected bean, or else it throws an exception: BeanInitializationException.

13. @Qualifier

It is used along with @Autowired annotation. It is used when more control is required over the dependency injection process. Individual constructor arguments or method parameters can be specified by using this annotation. Confusion arises when more than one bean of the same type is created, and only one of them is to be wired with a property, @Qualifier is used to get rid of the confusion.

14. @CookieValue

It is used at the method parameter level as an argument of the request mapping method. For a given cookie name, the HTTP cookie is bound to a @CookieValue parameter.

15. @Lazy

It is used in the component class. At startup, all auto-wired dependencies are created and configured. But a @Lazy annotation can be created if a bean is to be initialized lazily. This means that only if it is requested for a bean will be created. It can also be used on @Configuartion classes. It’s an indication that all @Bean methods within that @Configuration should be lazily initialized.

Check out: Spring Bean Life Cycle Explained

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Conclusion

Spring Boot has made it easy for Java developers to create Spring applications with ease. As a Java enthusiast or a professional, you should be aware of the basic Spring boot annotations. We hope that this blog helped you understand them. You can take the first step towards a successful Java career by enrolling for upGrad and IIIT-B’s Executive PG Program in Full Stack Development.

Why are annotations used in Java?

Java annotations are the metadata, i.e. data about data, of the source code of the program. Annotations are used to supply extra information to the compiler about a Java program. However, these are not a part of the Java program and do not, in any way, influence the program execution. Java annotations start with @. For example, the @Override annotation is used to signal the compiler that the specified method marked with that annotation should override the method contained in the superclass with the same name, parameter list and return type. There are different kinds of formats for annotations used in Java.

What is the difference between Spring Boot and Spring Cloud?

Spring Boot is an open-source Java framework that is used to create microservices. On the other hand, Spring Cloud is a technology for configuration server that is used to centralize and manage configuration. Spring Cloud is also implemented to ensure the security of applications running on Spring Boot in many cases. By default, Spring Boot implements Spring features and can quickly execute standalone Spring web-based applications. Spring Cloud offers the platform to develop cloud services; its architecture is based on the Spring Boot model. Spring Boot is adopted for unit testing and reducing the time needed for integration testing.

What is Spring in Java?

Spring in Java is an open-source framework that offers the platform to develop Java applications. Programs written using Java are generally very complex and come with various components that make them heavyweight. Spring is a lightweight, low-cost and secure framework that offers the flexibility needed to develop complex programs and enhance the overall efficiency of execution. Spring also optimizes the overall time taken for developing Java applications and eliminates tedious tasks related to the configuration so that programmers can focus their attention on the business logic of applications. The core logic of the Spring framework is dependency injection that allows developers to create decoupled architecture. This framework facilitates the development of high-performing Java applications.

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