Programs

5 Interesting Selenium Project Ideas & Topics For Beginners [2023]

You can choose any of the projects we’ve discussed here to start working on it. You’ll get to use your knowledge of the software, test your critical thinking skills, and solve problems. Let’s get started.

What is Selenium? An Introduction

Jason Huggins had created a tool called ‘JavaScriptTestRunner.’ That tool has now become a famous Selenium. It is a portable, open-source automation testing framework, and so, it’s widely popular among developers and software testers.

Selenium is an automation tool that automates web apps over various browsers (like Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari, and Mozilla) and operating systems. Selenium grid server is useful to execute tests in parallel, thus increasing efficiency. It is used to implement innovative mern stack project ideas.

It is made up of four tools:

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  • Selenium IDE (also known as Selenium Recorder)
  • Selenium RC (Remote Control)
  • Selenium WebDriver
  • Selenium Grid

Selenium IDE helps you record and debug tests. It is a Chrome extension, but you can also use it as an add-on in Firefox. Selenium Grid allows you to run parallel tests on multiple browsers. Selenium RC was deprecated, but it has received several updates, making it suitable for current use. 

It boasts an easy-to-use interface that registers user interactions to develop automated test scripts. It is commonly used as a prototyping tool when used as a Chrome or Firefox plugin. Primarily, Selenium IDE was developed to accelerate the development of automation scripts for realizing the full stack project ideas.

The latest version of Selenium IDE comes with the following advancements:

  • Debugging test scripts
  • Reusability of test scripts
  • Selenium side runner
  • Providing control flow statements
  • Improved locator functionality

Selenium Remote Control (RC):

Remote Control (RC) is one of the fascinating topics of Selenium automation testing. Paul Hammant invented Selenium Remote Control. It included a collection of JavaScript functions that interpreted and implemented Selenese commands via the browser’s integral JavaScript interpreter. Subsequently, Selenium-Core was introduced into the web browser. But, the program could not access elements of some other domains like Yahoo.com. So, Selenium RC was developed.

It is a server written in Java that allows you to write application tests in different programming languages like C#, Java, PHP, Perl, Python, etc. Selenium RC server admits commands from the user program and conveys them to the browser in the form of Selenium-Core JavaScript commands. This Selenium tool is used to develop many innovative full stack project ideas.

Selenium WebDriver:

WebDriver doesn’t need a core engine like RC. It natively interacts with the browser applications. It supports different programming languages like PHP, Perl, Ruby, and Python. Moreover, you can integrate it with frameworks like JUnit and TestNG for Selenium automation testing management.

Selenium WebDriver architecture:

Its architecture lets you easily understand many concepts of full stack web development project ideas for students. It includes the following components:

  1. Selenium test script: It is the test code written in a programming language that the driver can interpret.
  2. JSON Wire Protocol: It transfers data between a client and a server. It works as an industry standard for different web services.

iii. Browser drivers: Selenium uses drivers that are explicit to each browser. They help to set up a safe connection with the browser.

Browsers: Selenium WebDriver is compatible with diverse web browsers on which you can test and execute applications.

Selenium Grid:

It facilitates the parallel execution of tests on various operating systems and browsers. It is extremely flexible and is built-in with other suite components for synchronized performance. You can use its concepts when working on mern stack project ideas.

Its architecture includes a hub linked to several nodes. It executes tests and information about the browser and operating system to be executed on. Subsequently, it chooses a node that meets the requirements (of platform and browser) and conveys the test to that node. Finally, the node runs the browser and implements the Selenium commands. You can come up with creative full stack web development project ideas for students by using the concepts of Selenium Grid.

Why are Selenium project ideas popular?

It is an open-source tool that supports various languages like C#, Java, Python, PHP, Ruby, and JavaScript. It is also compatible across browsers and operating systems. Moreover, it supports parallel testing and JUnit, NUnit, and TestNG frameworks.

The key reason behind the success of Selenium projects is that you can program tests in multiple programming languages. This broad compatibility helps you to implement the latest full stack web development project ideas for students.

Another reason for its popularity among global test automation companies is that it is one of the most powerful and easy-to-use automation tools. So, it is used to employ various mern stack project ideas. Its user-friendly interface fulfills most of the web application testing requirements.

Fundamental steps of Selenium Tests:

  1. Creating a WebDriver instance
  2. Navigating to a Web page
  3. Locating an HTML element on the webpage
  4. Implement an action on an HTML element
  5. Forecast the browser response according to action
  6. Execute tests and record all the related test results via a test framework

Advantages of using Selenium as an automation testing tool:

The following benefits justify why Selenium is used in plenty of full stack project ideas.

  • It is open-source and involves zero licensing costs.
  • It can be used with multiple programming languages like Java, Python, C#, JavaScript, etc.
  • It can test an application in multiple browsers (like Firefox, Chrome, Safari, IE, etc) and multiple platforms (like Mac, Linux, Windows, etc.) by running tests on multiple machines via Selenium Grid.
  • It can test multiple devices like Android, iPhones, Blackberry, etc.
  • It supports record and playback features through Selenium IDE.
  • Its flexibility allows you to use it with multiple frameworks like JUnit, TestNG, etc.
  • It executes tests in headless mode to limit the consumption of time and resources.
  • It can be easily integrated with different reporting, test management, build and continuous integration tools, test frameworks, and third-party APIs.
  • It features user-friendly APIs.
  • It supports the reusability of tests because the same tests developed can be authorized across multiple browsers.
  • It is useful for various testing that includes regression, functional, end-to-end, cross-browser, sanity, smoke, integration, acceptance, etc.
  • It provides huge community support for solving users’ doubts.

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Commands You’ll Use

Before you begin working on Selenium projects, make sure that you’re familiar with the following commands:

Visit a website:

driver.get(“https://upgrad.com/”);

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Find an element on a webpage:

// find just one, the first one Selenium finds

WebElement element = driver.findElement(locator);

// find all instances of the element on the page

List elements = driver.findElements(locator);

Perform actions on elements:

// find just one, the first one Selenium finds

WebElement element = driver.findElement(locator);

// find all instances of the element on the page

List elements = driver.findElements(locator);

WebElement element = driver.findElement(locator);

element.click();

element.click(); // clicks an element

element.submit(); // submits a form

element.clear(); // clears an input field of its text

element.sendKeys(“input text”); // types text into an input field

Check the conditions:

element.isDisplayed(); // is it visible to the human eye?

element.isEnabled(); // can it be selected?

element.isSelected(); // is it selected?

Get information:

// directly from an element

element.getText();

// by attribute name

element.getAttribute(“href”);

You’ll be using these commands frequently in the projects we’ve discussed below. Make sure you go through them first, before trying out these ideas.

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Selenium Project Ideas & Topics 

1. Web Automation (Beginner Level Example)

Working on Selenium projects can be challenging. For starters, you can use the following script example: 

import org.openqa.selenium.By;

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;

import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;

import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;

public class TestSelenium {

public static void main(String[] args){

System.setProperty(“webdriver.chrome.driver”,”C:\\Users\\Admin\\Desktop\\LT Automation\\chromedriver_win32\\chromedriver.exe”);

WebDriver driver= new ChromeDriver();

driver.get(“https://randomwebsite.com/“);

try {

WebElement signup = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//*[@id=”navbarCollapse”]/ul/li[2]/a”));

signup.click();

WebElement login= driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//*[@id=”modalSignUp”]/div/div/div/div/div[4]/p/a”));

login.click();

String windowHandle = driver.getWindowHandle();

WebElement TextBox = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//*[@id=”login-modal-form”]/div[1]/div/input”));

TextBox.sendKeys(“sample-email@lambdatest.com”);

WebElement Password = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//*[@id=”login-modal-form”]/div[2]/div/input”));

Password.sendKeys(“sample-password”);

WebElement proceed = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//*[@id=”login-modal-form”]/div[4]/button”));

proceed.click();

}

catch (Exception e) {

System.out.println(e.getMessage());

}

}

}

The above example is a web automation script. It launches a website (randomwebsite.com, you can add your preferred site), finds the ‘Login’ (or Sign Up) element, and clicks on it. After that, it enters the credentials in the login page, clicks the login button, and redirects you to the website’s homepage. 

You can start with this project first if you’re a beginner. On the other hand, if you have ample experience in using Selenium, you should take a look at the following Selenium project ideas:

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2. Automated Ticket Booking

In this project, you’ll use Selenium to automate the process of booking a flight ticket. First, you’ll have to create a Java project and add dependencies to the pom.xml file. 

After that, you’ll have to add the necessary packages and write the automation script to make it work. You can take inspiration from the automation script we’ve shared before. 

Your automation system should follow these steps to work effectively:

  • Open a flight booking website. 
  • Go to its ‘Flights’ section and enter the necessary details (flight time, location, etc.) in the form.
  • Select the flight seat, and fill in the rest of the necessary details.
  • Find the ‘confirm’ button and proceed to checkout.

This is a fun and exciting project, but it’ll require some time and effort because booking a flight ticket is a process filled with multiple steps. You can take it a step further and make the system more advanced (add the option to book train tickets). 

The solution to the above project uses full stack project ideas.

Solution:

Step-1: Create a Java Project with the following steps.

Go to File > Go to New > Others > Maven Project.

Step-2: Now add the dependencies to pom.xml file

Step-3: Make the packages under the src/test/java folder and src/main/java folder. Now begin writing the code.

Step-4: Run the test cases

3. Automated Fitness Data Implementation

In this project, you can create an automated test framework for a fitness solution. Your framework should support Google Chrome as the webs browser, and the script maintenance should be as low as possible. That’s because most of the users of fitness applications aren’t quite familiar with automation scripts. You’ll need to keep the framework of your system simple as well.

You can use the page object design pattern to reduce the maintenance of the automation script, and you can use Selenium WebDriver to automate the entire process. You can use the page object design pattern to create classes for every page. This way, the user would gain access to an efficient interface. 

To create the test scripts, you should call methods from the necessary page object classes such as create a new account, log in to an account, and others. You’d need to add a mechanism that saves the test results in an excel file. You can save the detailed logs of the tests as well to review them in the future. 

You can make the generated reports customizable and interactive so that the user can understand them easily. Working on this project will give you immense experience in using Selenium. You can take inspiration from various fitness solutions you find online. 

4. Automated Patient Data Transmission

Patient referral systems give hospitals a platform through which they can communicate better and help people find the treatment they require according to the available resources. For example, a hospital has a patient that needs bypass surgery, but it doesn’t have the resources needed. It can use the patient referral system to refer the patient to a hospital that has those resources.

Patients can find better hospitals through such a system as well. It is one of the most exciting Selenium project ideas we have on this list. You can build an automated testing script for a patient referral system that helps its developer enhance the efficiency of their tests.

You can use Selenium WebDriver for this task. Make sure that you build a user-friendly framework, which doesn’t require much technical expertise to use. A person who doesn’t know anything about automation scripts should be able to use your solution. You can add the function of alerting the user through email when an automated test is complete. If you want to take it a step further, you can add a report generation tool. 

5. Automated EMS Solution

An enterprise management system allows you to oversee multiple aspects of your business through a single interface. Numerous types of EMS solutions are present in the market, and they require a lot of effort and expertise to use. Clients use these systems to manage sales channels, projects, human resources, and business accounting. 

You can build an automated testing solution that can check the workflow and operation of the software. Enterprise management systems usually have multiple test cases, so it becomes quite expensive for users to perform manual testing of every change occurring in the same. With Selenium, you can automate its manual tests, and thus, make them more efficient. 

First, you should get familiar with the system you want to automate. Then, it would be best if you wrote the automation scripts to perform the required tests. As the users of enterprise management systems aren’t much familiar with these scripts, you’ll need to create a framework that simplifies the automation process for them. This way, even non-technical people can use your solution without facing any hindrances.

You can add the functionality of generating simple and easily understandable reports. The reports could show the test results to the user, such as the execution time of the script, screenshots, and script’s success. You can also add a notification system that alerts the admin when a test is completed. 

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Also Read: Must Read 30 Selenium Interview Questions & Answers

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Final Thoughts

Working on these Selenium projects will surely be fun. We hope you liked this article, and if you have any suggestions, let us know. 

If you want to learn more on automation testing and Selenium, check out our blog, you’d surely find plenty of valuable resources to expand your knowledge. If you’re looking for an individualized learning experience, be sure to check out our courses.

If you’re interested to learn more about full-stack software development, check out upGrad & IIIT-B’s Executive PG Program in Full-stack Software Development which is designed for working professionals and offers 500+ hours of rigorous training, 9+ projects, and assignments, IIIT-B Alumni status, practical hands-on capstone projects & job assistance with top firms.

What are the benefits of using Selenium?

Selenium is a web UI-based automation testing package that is open-source. Many firms and professions utilize Selenium for a variety of reasons. The fact that it is an open-source tool is the first reason. Developers and experts may customize it to meet their own needs. Selenium has a broad user base and is well-supported by the community. It works in a variety of browsers, including Firefox, Chrome, and Edge. It also supports a variety of programming languages, including Python, Java, and Perl. Finally, Selenium supports daily or frequent repository updates, as well as distributed testing.

What is automation testing?

Automation Testing is the use of automation technologies for developing and executing test cases with no manual intervention for performing the automated test scenarios. Testers like to use Automation tools to create test cases or test scripts, which are then grouped into Test Suites. These tools are meant to run test cases that have been manually made without the need for human interaction. Selenium is a well-known automated testing framework. It's a playback tool for performing functional testing without having to know how to write test scripts.

What is the scope of Selenium?

Since many businesses regard web applications to be the next major thing in the world of technology, the trends in Automation testing are continuously expanding, and it has led to widespread demand for Selenium. The resources offered by Selenium are used by many leading companies throughout the world for test automation. If you intend to have a profession in automation testing, learning selenium will help you land a better and more fulfilling position in your professional life. If you are willing to go deep into test automation and develop advanced-level experience in it, then Selenium is the right path for you. The future of Selenium appears to be bright, with limitless possibilities.

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