How Many Medical Colleges in India in 2024?

Medical colleges in India form the cornerstone of the nation’s healthcare education landscape. These institutions are dedicated to nurturing the next generation of medical professionals. They are committed to excellence and offer comprehensive academic programmes encompassing various medical disciplines.

Equipped with modern infrastructure and experienced faculty, Indian medical colleges provide a conducive learning environment for students to acquire theoretical and practical knowledge. Clinical training, research opportunities, and community engagement are integral to their curricula.

Medical colleges shape students into well-rounded healthcare practitioners by instilling ethical values and emphasising evidence-based practice. These institutions contribute to advancing medical science and healthcare delivery, catering to the ever-evolving needs of society. The first and foremost question medical aspirants should consider is how many medical colleges in India are public, how many are private, and the number of seats available in them. Read this blog to learn more about the dynamics of medical education in India.

How Many Medical Colleges in India Are There at Present?

In the dynamic landscape of Indian education, 2024 is witnessing a significant rise of about 69% in medical colleges nationwide. Aspiring medical professionals have a diverse range of options, with approximately 738 medical colleges in India with 706 colleges teaching MBBS, according to the National Medical Commission (NMC). The institutes can be classified into government, semi-government, AIIMS, private, or deemed medical colleges.

Equipped with advanced infrastructure and cutting-edge technology, these medical colleges offer a balanced blend of theoretical knowledge and practical training. The curriculum encompasses various medical disciplines, ensuring a comprehensive understanding of healthcare practices. Students engage in clinical rotations, research projects, and community outreach, fostering holistic development.

Amid the evolving healthcare sector, these colleges continually adapt to modern medical advancements and global standards. They serve as vessels for future doctors, surgeons, and medical researchers, contributing significantly to the nation’s healthcare landscape. With their formal to semi-formal learning environment, these institutions play a pivotal role in shaping skilled and empathetic healthcare professionals, thereby ensuring the well-being of society.

How Many MBBS Seats in India Are There?

As of 2024, India boasts an extensive network of medical colleges offering many MBBS seats nationwide. According to the National Medical Commission, the collective count of MBBS seats in India is approximately 108898

These seats present a gateway to a fulfilling medical career, attracting many aspiring students dedicated to serving humanity through healthcare. These institutions’ rigorous curricula and practical training equip students with the knowledge and skills necessary for medical practice.

Admission to these coveted MBBS seats is highly competitive, with aspiring candidates undergoing rigorous entrance examinations and selection processes. The diversity of medical colleges, each with unique strengths and specialisations, allows students to choose paths aligned with their interests.

The availability of the number of MBBS seats varies across India’s states and union territories. This underscores the commitment of India’s medical education system to cater to the growing demand for skilled medical professionals. Aspiring students are presented with diverse opportunities to embark on a journey of healing, scientific discovery, and compassionate care.

Check out our free courses to get an edge over the competition.

Gaining Entry to MBBS Colleges

Gaining entry to MBBS colleges in India involves a structured process primarily through the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). NEET serves as the unified entrance examination for admission to medical colleges nationwide. Aspiring candidates must first meet the eligibility criteria, including educational qualifications and age limits.

The NEET examination assesses candidates in subjects like physics, chemistry, and biology, evaluating their understanding of medical sciences. Once the results are declared, candidates are ranked based on their performance. Medical colleges offer seats based on these ranks through a centralised counselling process.

Candidates must register for counselling, where they provide their preferences for colleges and courses. Seats are allotted based on merit, choices, and availability. Successful candidates complete the admission process by submitting necessary documents, paying fees, and completing formalities.

NEET streamlines the admission process, ensuring fairness and transparency. Aspiring MBBS students navigate this process to secure their desired medical college, paving the way for a promising medical career while maintaining the formal to semi-formal tone that resonates with the field.

Course of MBBS

The Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) course is a comprehensive and rigorous programme that equips aspiring medical professionals with the knowledge, skills, and ethical foundation required to practise medicine. The formal to semi-formal curriculum typically spans five and a half years and consists of theoretical learning and practical clinical training.

The first phase focuses on foundational subjects like anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry, providing a deep understanding of the human body’s structure and functions. The following years cover subjects such as pathology, microbiology, pharmacology, and preventive medicine, laying the groundwork for clinical practice.

The clinical phase allows students to rotate through different medical specialities, including surgery, paediatrics, obstetrics and gynaecology, internal medicine, and more. These hands-on practicals allow them to apply theoretical knowledge in real-life medical scenarios, sharpening their diagnostic and treatment skills.

Throughout the course, students engage in practical training, attend lectures and work in hospital settings, participate in laboratory sessions, and undertake research projects. The formal to semi-formal tone of education emphasises professionalism, empathy, and effective communication skills, essential for interacting with patients, their families and healthcare teams.

Upon completing the MBBS course and successful internship, graduates are eligible to register with the medical council, get their license and begin their medical practice. The journey from theory to practical application equips them to provide quality healthcare, contributing to society’s well-being.

Top Institutes for MBBS

For MBBS education in India, several esteemed names stand out:

  • AIIMS New Delhi, renowned for its academic excellence and cutting-edge research, holds a distinguished position. 
  • With its rich legacy and commitment to holistic medical education, CMC Vellore is another top contender. 
  • BHU Varanasi, steeped in tradition and known for its comprehensive medical curriculum, offers a coveted MBBS programme. 
  • JIPMER Pondicherry, with its strong emphasis on innovation and clinical training, is also among the best.

These institutions offer a learning environment that nurtures students into competent and compassionate medical professionals. Their rigorous academic curricula, complemented by hands-on clinical exposure, shape students into well-rounded healthcare practitioners. Aspiring MBBS students wishing to learn in a healthy environment can consider these top private institutes a stepping stone toward a fulfilling medical career. However, it must be noted that gaining a seat is no cakewalk. Each has its own entrance exam and eligibility criteria, which require much knowledge and patience.

Ideal State for MBBS

India, with its rich medical heritage, offers numerous options. States like Maharashtra and Karnataka house prestigious institutions like AIIMS and KMC, fostering comprehensive medical learning. Tamil Nadu’s renowned medical colleges uphold a legacy of excellence. The progressive medical ecosystem in Delhi, including AIIMS, sets high standards. Kerala’s institutions emphasise quality education.

Each state’s medical education landscape offers a unique blend of formal to semi-formal learning environments, equipping aspiring doctors with knowledge and skills. The ideal state choice depends on one’s preferences, career aspirations, and alignment with a conducive learning atmosphere.


After completing an MBBS, specialised medical fields open up for aspiring doctors, allowing them to discover expertise. Courses such as surgery, paediatrics, obstetrics and gynaecology, internal medicine, dermatology, psychiatry, and radiology provide learning and focused practice opportunities. Cardiology, orthopaedics, neurology, and oncology are subspecialties focusing on particular areas.

Aspiring specialists undergo rigorous postgraduate training, often leading to MD, MS, or DM degrees, aligning with their chosen field. This formal to semi-formal journey involves theoretical study, clinical exposure, and research. The journey culminates in honing advanced skills and knowledge, preparing specialists for complex medical challenges.

These specialisations provide the opportunity to impact patients’ lives profoundly and contribute to medical advancements. The choice of specialisation depends on one’s passion, strengths, and desire to excel in a specific domain.

Other Medical Courses Available

In addition to the MBBS course, India offers a diverse range of medical courses catering to various specialisations and career paths within the healthcare sector. Some of these courses are:

  1. Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS): This course focuses on dental treatments, oral hygiene, and dental health. Dentists diagnose and treat dental issues, provide preventive care, and perform oral surgeries.
  2. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS): This course in traditional Indian medicine, also known as Ayurveda, focuses on a holistic approach to healthcare through natural remedies, herbs, and lifestyle management.
  3. Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS): BHMS trains students in homoeopathy, a system of alternative medicine using highly diluted drugs and medicines to stimulate the body’s healing mechanism to treat the disease independently.
  4. Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT): BPT teaches students about physical therapy techniques to prevent and treat physical disabilities, injuries, and impairments through exercises, manual therapy, and other interventions.
  5. Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT): BOT focuses on assisting people who have experienced physical or mental illnesses or injuries to regain and retain their capacity to carry out daily tasks.
  6. Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm): This programme covers pharmaceutical sciences, drug manufacturing, distribution, and related research. Pharmacists are crucial in dispensing medications and educating patients about their proper use.
  7. Bachelor of Nursing (B.Sc. Nursing): Nursing programmes prepare students to become registered nurses. They learn patient care, medical procedures, and healthcare management.
  8. Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom): Optometrists are trained to examine, diagnose, and treat eye-related problems and conditions.
  9. Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT): BMLT teaches students about diagnostic procedures, laboratory techniques, medical testing, and analysis equipment.
  10. Bachelor of radiologic technology (BRT): This programme trains students to operate radiologic equipment, such as MRI and X-ray machines, to assist in diagnosing medical conditions.


Medical colleges stand as pillars of knowledge, compassion, and progress. These institutions, embracing a learning environment, play an important role in shaping the future of healthcare. With all these facilities and rigorous curricula, they empower aspiring medical professionals with a profound understanding of the human body, disease management, and patient care.

As the conduits of medical excellence, these colleges impart knowledge and instil ethical values and a commitment to compassionate healthcare. They bridge the gap between theory and practice through clinical exposure, research endeavours, and community engagement. By fostering innovation, critical thinking, and evidence-based practice, medical colleges prepare students to address the evolving challenges of the medical field.


What is the duration of an MBBS course in India?

The MBBS course typically spans five and a half years, including one year of compulsory internship.

How many medical seats in India are there?

The number of medical seats in India varies annually and is subject to change. Approximately 108898 MBBS seats are available across various medical colleges in the country.

How many medical colleges are there in India?

As of now, as per the official website of NMC (June 22, 2023), there are 703 medical colleges in India.

Currently, how many private medical colleges in India are there?

There are 296 private medical colleges in India at present.

Want to share this article?

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get Free Consultation

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get Free career counselling from upGrad experts!
Book a session with an industry professional today!
No Thanks
Let's do it
Get Free career counselling from upGrad experts!
Book a Session with an industry professional today!
Let's do it
No Thanks