LLM Subjects List and Syllabus 2023

Master of Legislative Law, which is commonly known as LLM, is a postgraduate degree program. LLM is a highly valued qualification that is pursued by law graduates to specialize their careers in a particular law subject. This is a 2 year postgraduate course.You can pursue a high end course via LL.M. in Corporate & Financial Law from JGU.

LLM Courses

After accomplishing a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree from an established Law school, college, or university one can pursue an LLM degree.  A number of entrance exams are conducted in India to pursue a LLM degree. These exams are conducted to assess the aptitude, legal concepts, analytical skills, research abilities, legal reasoning skills of a student. Various LLM entrance exams are CUET DU LLM, LAT PG, AILET, LSAT, TS PGECET, AP POLYCET, etc.This LLM course offers in-depth knowledge about specific topics of the law sector with academic and practical legal practices.  The LLM syllabus varies based on LLM specialization subjects. While pursuing this degree the students get to know about different areas of fundamental law including Law and Technology, crimes, judicial Processes, commercialization of IP, licensing, etc, and specialize in a specific field like Corporate Law, Criminal Law, LLM Maritime Law, etc.  Read the article to get a clear idea about the LLM subjects, LLM Syllabus, LLM subject list, future scope of LLM, LLM degree, etc.

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LLM Courses Curriculum

The syllabus of LLM courses varies from college to college. The 2 years of LLM course is categorized into 4 semesters. The syllabus of the course comprises a large number of subjects in which various laws are practiced and some important professional skills are taught. The first semester of the LLM course is common for all. In this semester the students are trained in administration laws, several fundamental laws, and research methodologies.  After that specialization subjects are included in the syllabus. In the second semester syllabus, basic knowledge about the preferred specialization subjects is included. In the third and fourth-semester syllabus specialization subjects are taught thoroughly including dissertation and viva voce. In the final semester, students also perform various research works, practical training, and internships.  Some major modules of the LLM syllabus include Core Subjects

  1. Elective Subjects
  2. Research Methods
  3. Internship Training 
  4. Dissertation
  5. Viva Voce
  6. Seminars
  7. Workshops

An in-depth look at the different subjects of the LLM Course

Every student must choose a specific law stream to get specialized in that field. In the second, third, and fourth semesters syllabus varies according to their preferred specialization. Every specialization consists of different topics. The main Specialization subjects are listed below in the table.

LLM Business Law LLM Human Rights
LLM Constitutional Law LLM International Trade Law
LLM Criminal Law LLM Corporate Law
LLM Family Law LLM Labour Law
LLM Intellectual Property Rights LLM Taxation Law
LLM Environmental Law LLM Maritime Law


  • LLM Business Law: This law includes:
  • Law and Social Transformation in India
  • Judicial Process
  • Law of Industrial and Intellectual Property
  • Business Law
  • Insurance Law
  • Legal Regulation of Economic Enterprises, Law Relating to Regulatory Authorities
  • Law Relating to Regulatory Authorities 
  •  Commercial Arbitration
  • Alternate Dispute Resolution & Securities Law
  • LLM Constitutional Law: This law focuses on:
  • Law and Social Transformation in India
  • Constitutionalism: Pluralism & Federalism
  • Indian Constitutional Law- The New Challenges
  • National Security, Public Order and Rule of Law
  • Judicial Process
  • Administrative Law
  • Administrative Process and Judicial Control
  • LLM Criminal Law: This law covers:
  • Theories of Law
  • Research Methodology
  • Banking Law
  • Corporate Jurisprudence
  • Legal Concepts
  • Legislative Process
  • Corporate Law
  • Life and Fire Insurance
  • Consumer Law
  • LLM Family Law: This law focuses on:
  • Family Law I – System Scope Sources and Schools
  • Family Law II – Marriage and Matrimonial Remedies
  • Comparative Public Law
  • Law and Justice in Globalizing World
  • Legal English and Research Methodology
  • Foreign Business Language
  • LLM Intellectual Property Rights: This law includes:
  • Overview of Intellectual Property
  • Traditional Knowledge and Biodiversity
  • Commercialization of IP & Licensing
  • Plant Breeder’s Rights
  • Copyright and Design Law
  • Advanced IP Issues
  • International & Comparative IP Law
  • Research Project
  • LLM Environmental Law: This law comprises:
  • Nature and Scope of Environmental Law
  • Protection of the Environment under the Indian Constitution
  • Protection of Water, Air, and Environment in India
  • International Law and Environmental Protection
  • Environmental Protection and General Civil and Criminal Laws
  • Emerging Issues in Environmental Law
  • LLM Human Rights: This law covers:
  • Concept & Classification of Rights
  • Concept of Human Rights
  • Concept of Human Duties
  • Dialectics of Human Rights
  • Emerging Concept of Human Rights
  • Human Duties, Responsibilities & Effectuation
  • International Obligation
  • Human Rights & Criminal Justice
  • Jurisprudence & Human Rights: Lego Philosophical perspectives
  • Constitutional Governance of Human Rights in India
  • Refugee Law
  • LLM International Trade Law: This law includes:
  • Introduction International Trade Law
  • Law and Practice in International Banking and Commercial Payments
  • World Trade Law
  • Marine Insurance
  • LLM Corporate Law: This law focuses on:
  • Financial Models and Derivatives in a Legal Context
  • Corporate Social Responsibilities and the Law
  • European Procurement Law
  • Banking and Finance Law
  • LLM Labour Law: This law includes:
  • Law Relating to Industrial Relations
  • Law Relating to Social Security & Safety Measures.
  • Comparative Public Law
  • Law relating to Trade Unions, Labor Welfare
  • LLM Taxation Law: This law covers:
  • General Principles of Taxation
  • Indirect Tax laws
  • International Taxation
  • Direct Tax Laws
  • LLM Maritime Law: This law includes:
  • Maritime Laws and Practices
  • Maritime safety and security
  • Maritime Insurance policies and practices
  • Maritime Jurisdictions

What is the future scope of LLM degree holders?

After completing the LLM course there are ample opportunities opened in different fields to advance their legal careers. They can choose various career paths including higher studies, research, jobs in government organizations, non-profit organizations, corporations, private law firms, etc. Some detailed overviews of the future scope of LLM degree holders are described below.

  1. Higher Studies: After completion of the LLM course a student can pursue MPhil or Ph.D. in law. The doctor of law is also known as LLD. The admission to the LLD program is based on different entrance exams such as CLAT, AILET,LSAT etc.  It is a research-related study that makes them specialized and highly knowledgeable in a specific area.
  2. Advocates: In this field, one must do a lot of research work to collect factual data and evidence to claim their defense in the courtroom. Some Other responsibilities of an advocate include dealing with legal issues, scrutinizing, and drafting contracts.
  3. District and Sessions Judge:  One can be a district and session judge with more than 10 years of experience in this legal field. A judge listens to all the discussions of the case and finalizes the verdict. 
  4. Notary: One can be eligible for this notary position with a minimum of 10 years of experience. They are experienced lawyers who verify, authenticate, and certify all legal documents. They also act as translators to translate documents from one language to another, record evidence in civil or criminal trials and also act as arbitrators, mediators
  5. Solicitor: They are specialized lawyers in the field of family, property, tax, etc, and give legal advice to law firms as well as private clients. They also instruct other advocates and represent clients to defense cases.
  6. Teacher or Lecturer: After completing the LLM postgraduation course students can also build their career in the teaching field. They educate and give training to law students. This profession plays an important role in building a career for a law student. Experienced teachers give practical training, and teach various academic subjects, the importance of the judicial system to the students.
  7. Court Reporter: The court reporter attends all the hearings of some important court cases to cover the story of that case. The reporters also give interviews about a specific case. They mainly transcribe all the speeches from court proceedings.

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How long does it take to get an LLM degree?

Many universities offer this LLM course as a one-year or two-year course. Generally, it is a two-year course with four semesters. The students must qualify for all the subjects of these two semesters and finally, they have to submit a dissertation in the final semester to achieve the LLM degree.


An overview of the LLM course structure, its specializations, and future scope are described here. The LLM course offers vast knowledge and great experience to students to build their careers in the legal field. If you wish to enhance your knowledge and expertise, head over to LL.M. in International Business & Finance Laws from GGU.

What is the LLM course?

Master of Legislative Law, which is commonly known as LLM, is a postgraduate degree course of 2 years. Law graduates pursue this course to specialize their careers in a particular law subject.

What is an LLB course?

LLB is an undergraduate course pursued by law students. The full form of LLB is Bachelor of Legislative Law.

Can I pursue an LLM degree without having an LLB degree?

No, you cannot pursue an LLM degree without having an LLB degree. An LLB degree is a must to pursue an LLM degree.

What is the total time taken to get an LLM degree?

Generally, it is a 2 year course. Some universities are also offering 1-year courses.

What are the main specializations offered by an LLM course?

The main Specialization subjects offered by an LLM course are LLM business Law, LLM Constitutional Law, LLM Criminal Law, LLM Family Law, LLM Human Rights, LLM Intellectual Property Rights Law, LLM International Trade Law, LLM Corporate Law, LLM Labour Law, LLM Taxation Law, LLm Maritime Law, etc.

What are the top entrance exams to pursue the LLM course?

Various entrance exams are conducted in India to pursue an LLM degree. These exams are conducted to assess the aptitude, legal concepts, analytical skills, research abilities, and legal reasoning skills of a student. Various LLM entrance exams are CUET DU LLM, LAT PG, AILET, LSAT, TS PGECET, AP POLYCET, etc.

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