We live in an age of microservices in which contemporary applications are disassembled into components that are deployable individually. We can argue that Jenkins has made its place among the leading original CI / CD tools for deploying microservices. Compared to monolithic applications, there are many pipelines for deploying individual microservices.
You can use the hose as a code to encode the whole process of CI / CD. Treat it like in app development. You can publish your pipeline code and run all test levels before using it to deploy your app.
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What is the Jenkins Shared Library?
When we say CI / CD as a symbol, we need modularity and reuse. You have to follow the DRY principle. That is where the shared Library of Jenkins‘ proves useful.
The Jenkins Shared Library is the idea of including a standard pipe code for version control systems and can be used on any number of pipes by merely referring to it. Multiple teams can use the same directory for their pipeline.
You can compare it with popular programming directories. Programming creates a separate guide that anyone can use when importing code.
For example, if you have ten pipes for micro-services from Java, the old creation procedure is repeated for all ten pipes. Besides, the pipe code is copied and pasted with the addition of new services. If you want to change some parameters in an old construction phase, you need to adjust them manually in all the pipes.
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In the same scenario, you will create a shared library for older buildings. For all the pipes, all you have to do is refer to the old building code library. If there are any old changes in the future, all you need to update is the shared library icon.
Start using shared libraries
A shared directory is a collection of cool files (DSL + Groovy). All cool files must be in the git repository. This example uses Github as a git repository. https://github.com/devopscube/jenkins-shared-library. You can duplicate this repository to get the shared library infrastructure.
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The shared library database contains the following volume structures:
The Jenkins Joint Library
| ____ vars
| ____ src
| ____ resources
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It contains all the WCL code that you can call from the pipeline. It contains all directory files with .groovy extension. .txt files are also supported for documenting the library code that is shared. For instance, if you are having a file with the name maven-build. Groovy, then you will be getting a help file with the name maven-groovy.txt. You can write help documentation to mark the properties of a shared directory in this file. Help files can be viewed from the <your-jenkins-url> / Pipeline Syntax / Global page.
It is a standard Java source directory. Once all the text has been compiled, it will be added to the classpath. Here you can add an incredibly cool code to expand the shared library code. You can also use the Import Manifest to import existing Jenkins categories and extensions.
There are scenarios where cool DSL hardware is not flexible enough to perform certain functions. In this case, you can write custom groove functions in src and read them in the shared library code.
You can manage all the unnecessary files needed for the hose in this folder. As an example, you may need a general JSON template for making API calls during construction. You can save this JSON template in a resource folder and call it in a shared library through the LibraryResource function.
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Shared Global Library
There are several places where you can set up a shared directory, depending on your usage case. Jenkins Management » System Configuration» Global Pipe Library. You can configure any number of directories as you need.
These libraries are universally available so that every pipeline in your system can use the functions implemented in these libraries.
These libraries are considered “reliable.” You can perform any method in Java, Groovy, Jenkins’ internal API, the Jenkins extension, or a third-party directory. It allows you to precisely identify libraries that fold insecure APIs into high-level envelopes that can be safely used from any pipeline.
Please note that anyone who can pay the commission to this SCM database has unlimited access to Jenkins. You need Total / RunScripts permission to create these directories (this permission is usually given to Jenkins administrators).
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Folder-level shared library
All folders created can be linked to shared directories. This mechanism allows you to set a specific directory range for all the pipes within a volume or subfolder.
Folder-based directories are not considered “trusted.” It operates in the groove sandbox, just like a regular pipe.
Automatic shared library
Other plugins may add a way to identify the library on the go. For example, “GitHub Organization Folder” is a source plugin provided in the GitHub Branch Source. It provides a component that allows scripts to use untrusted libraries such as github.com/orgname/reponame minus any added configuration. In this case, the specified GitHub repository will be loaded from the main branch using anonymous settings.
To check for changes in the library
If you notice a bug in a build with an untrusted directory, click the replay link and edit one or more source files to see if the resulting version works as expected. When you are satisfied with the results, click on the diff link on the Release Status page and apply the difference to your library and your commit pool.
(Even if the library’s requested version is a branch and not a static version like the bookmark, the reactivated version will use the same version as the original version. You cannot pull back the library resources.)
Currently, it doesn’t provide you with the trusted libraries Replay. Changing resource files during Replay is currently not supported.
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Can you reuse code in Jenkins?
Yes, with Jenkins Shared Libraries, code reuse becomes possible by encapsulating common functionality into reusable libraries.
What goes inside a Shared Library?
Custom steps, functions, and variables encapsulating standard functionality in Jenkins pipelines can be found in Shared Libraries.
Example: Creating and using a Jenkins shared library
Let’s go through an example of building and utilising a shared library to speed up deployment procedures in order to demonstrate the strength and adaptability of Jenkins Shared Libraries.
Imagine that your development team often deploys apps to different environments, such as development, staging, and production. Building the application, running tests, and deploying the artefacts are all common steps in every deployment. You can turn these typical deployment procedures into reusable code by building a Jenkins Shared Library, which will also make it easier to configure the pipeline for each environment.
Here’s how you can create and utilize a Jenkins Shared Library in this example:
Creating the Shared Library:
Step 1: Create a Groovy script: Create a Groovy script in the beginning that contains the typical deployment procedures for your application. This script may contain features, special instructions, or variables unique to your deployment procedure.
Step 2: Keep your Groovy code in a Git repository that your Jenkins instance may access. This maintains version control and promotes team member collaboration.
Jenkins Shared Library Addition:
Step 3: Configure the Shared Library: Indicate the Git repository where your shared library script is stored in the Jenkins setup settings. During pipeline execution, Jenkins will retrieve the script.
Using a Jenkins Pipeline and the Shared Library:
Step 4: Utilize the Shared Library: Import and utilize the shared library’s functions, steps, and variables in your Jenkins pipeline script. As a result, you may use the deployment logic that has been isolated without having to duplicate any code across different pipelines.
You have successfully developed and used a shared library jenkins for your deployment procedures by following this jenkins shared library example. You can reuse the shared library code when delivering apps to various environments, which lowers maintenance costs and ensures consistency across the deployment pipeline.
What if you don’t have Jenkins admin access?
Without Jenkins admin access, you can still use shared libraries by working with your Jenkins administrator or making use of project-specific folder-level shared libraries.
Jenkins pipelines benefit from the consistency, maintainability, and code reuse provided by Jenkins Shared Libraries. Software development teams can improve cooperation and streamline their operations by encapsulating common functionality into reusable libraries. Discover our free software development and well-liked software engineering courses to pick up the in-demand abilities required to effectively utilize Jenkins Shared Libraries.
Here are some of the important things to remember:
- You will have to use Groovy for writing steps or custom functions.
- There is a need for writing pipeline steps that you can call from pipelines.
- You need to create a file in the vars directory of the repository that will be containing the name of your custom step.
- The def call method should be implemented by the parameters to your step.
- If there is a need for writing common Groovy code you can add it into src.
- You can also integrate a shared library in Jenkins through the use of a configure system screen.
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What are shared libraries?
Shared libraries are beneficial for sharing code that is used in several applications. It is more convenient and cost-effective to place all TCP/IP implementation code in a standard shared library. However, because each application has its own set of data, data cannot be shared. The shared library is used by applications to enhance particular capabilities. To construct shared libraries, each operating system has to have its own representation and toolkit. The concepts are nearly identical. Shared libraries use the Portable Executable format, which is also expressed in PE format. The binary format must be understood by the toolset used to construct these libraries.
What are the benefits of using Jenkins?
Jenkins has a lot of benefits. To begin with, it is open source and free software, making it platform agnostic and developer-friendly. Jenkins' plug-ins are another key aspect since they may be written by anybody and for everyone. It has its own plug-in, which significantly aids the developer in completing tasks. Jenkins also provides a number of hosting functions and can be installed on any operating system, including Windows, Linux, and others. Jenkins also enjoys a lot of support from the developer community because it is well-known among its peers. Finally, Jenkins supports a variety of CI/CD systems in addition to the pipeline and is also very capable of interacting with other developer tools.
What are the disadvantages of using Jenkins?
Jenkins, like many other technologies, has its own set of flaws. The declarative pipeline syntax is incompatible with all plug-ins. Jenkins has a lot of plug-ins in its library, but it appears that the developer team doesn't constantly update them. This is when it's critical to know whether or not the plug-ins you're planning to utilize are getting frequent updates. The update procedure is problematic for many plug-ins. It is reliant on plug-ins; in some instances, even basic items are unavailable without them. Compared to contemporary UI technologies, Jenkins' UI is not user-friendly, but a first-time user may not be able to identify it particularly. Lastly, when we have a lot of jobs to run, managing the Jenkins dashboard becomes difficult.