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It is only fair just to compare the backend because PHP simply does not allow the users to actually write code to design the things on the webpage that the user would see and interact. Let us discuss the very detailed comparison of the two languages after we have learned more about each of them.
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The full form of PHP is Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP is the open-source language that was created in the year of 1994 by the developer named Rasmus Lerdorf, with the sole aim to handle the development of backed and server-side scripting. Since its release, PHP has grown since then and is globally recognized for its capacity to develop the backend.
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A recent survey conducted by W3Tech showed that almost 79% of the developed websites are based out of PHP. Meaning PHP is behind the development of about 79% of all the websites currently hosted on the World Wide Web. Even the websites widely used and regarded by their fans, like Facebook, Wikipedia, and even WordPress, also use PHP in their respective websites.
In-Demand Software Development Skills
Now that we have seen what these two programming languages do and what are the reason that led to the creation of the two, the time is potent to discuss their differences by pitting them head to head. (As already mentioned, the comparison would be based on just their capacity to handle server-side scripting):
Differences in the two languages’ speed and performances
Just because of this same feature in the environment where the ping and latency are very low, Node.js outshines itself. It makes the entire application faster, and because of the V8 chrome engine that Node.js is based on, the server’s stability and connection to the server are all but guaranteed.
Differences in the community backing the two languages
Stackshare.io says that the thing that the PHP community loved the most is the open-source and the ease of deployment of the language. The major players who use PHP are Facebook, Lyft, Wikipedia, and even the social media sensation 9GAG.
It will take a person less time and effort to come to terms with the syntax and PHP peculiarities. With just a few words of code, you can get the server up and running. The return values and the inconstancies present throughout PHP’s language are much simpler to understand and digest.
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Syntax and Language Features
On the other hand, PHP has a more traditional scripting language syntax, resembling languages like Perl and C. Its syntax is relatively easier to grasp for beginners, as it incorporates familiar control structures like loops and conditionals. PHP also provides extensive string manipulation functions and built-in support for database interactions, simplifying backend development tasks.
Use Cases and Applications
On the other hand, PHP stands out as a leader in server-side scripting and backend development. Its utilization enables developers to easily develop content-rich websites using popular CMS such as WordPress. Furthermore, the simplicity and varied use of PHP make it an excellent choice for developing e-commerce platforms, blogs, web applications, processing forms, and interacting with databases.
Frameworks and Ecosystem
On the other hand, the PHP family is robust too, with frameworks including Laravel, Symfony and CodeIgniter. To be specific, the former is famed for its refined syntax and assortment of features and is often chosen for constructing expansive applications. Moreover, Symfony is a senior member, offering an essential building block structure, and a variety of tools to develop enterprise-level projects. Finally, CodeIgniter is beloved for its modest size, granting simplicity and efficiency for less voluminous undertakings.
Performance and Scalability
Community and Resources
PHP also boasts a dedicated community with a strong presence. It has been in use for decades, resulting in a wealth of resources, tutorials, and documentation available online. The PHP community actively maintains and updates frameworks, ensuring compatibility and security. Websites like PHP.net and PHP Manual serve as comprehensive references for the language’s features.
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Go with Node.js if:
- You are developing just a one-page application.
- You would like to develop a streaming service (much like Netflix).
- If the data load on your project is going to be very heavy.
- If you are building frontend.
Go with PHP if:
- You would like to flex out a good idea for blogging or an e-commerce website.
- If you happen to be using LAMP-based technologies, sticking with PHP is your safest bet.
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