40 Best IoT Project Ideas & Topics For Beginners 2024 [Latest]

In this article, you will learn the 40Exciting IoT Project Ideas & Topics. Take a glimpse at the project ideas listed below.

Table of Contents

Best Simple IoT Project Ideas & Topics

Here is the complete list of smart systems, formatted with numbers:

1. Smart Agriculture System
2. Weather Reporting System
3. Home Automation System
4. Face Recognition Bot
5. Smart Garage Door
6. Smart Alarm Clock
7. Air Pollution Monitoring System
8. Smart Parking System
9. Smart Traffic Management System
10. Smart Cradle System
11. Smart Gas Leakage Detector Bot
12. Streetlight Monitoring System
13. Smart Anti-Theft System
14. Liquid Level Monitoring System
15. Night Patrol Robot
16. Health Monitoring System
17. Smart Irrigation System
18. Flood Detection System
19. Mining Worker Safety Helmet
20. Smart Energy Grid
21. Contactless Doorbell
22. Virtual Doctor Robot
23. Smart Waste Management System
24. Forest Fire Alarm System
25. Smart Baggage Tracker
26. Lavatory Vacant/Occupied System
27. Smart Pet Tracker
28. Plant Watering System
29. Home Energy Monitoring and Management
30. Health and Fitness Monitoring Device
31. Smart Pet Feeder
32. Water Quality Monitoring System
33. Safety Monitoring System for Manual Wheelchairs
34. Gesture-Controlled Contactless Switch for Smart Home
35. Automatic Emotion Journal
36. Cryptocurrency Alert System
37. Night Patrol Robot
38. Smart Banking System
39. Prison Break Monitoring and Alerting System
40. Customised Gaming Controller

Read the full article to know more in detail. 

IoT Project Ideas

We live in an exciting age of technological and digital revolution. In just a decade, we’ve witnessed a radical change in the world around us. Thanks to the recent advancements in Data Science, today, we have at our disposal things like AI-powered smart assistants, autonomous cars, surgical bots, intelligent cancer detection systems, and of course, the Internet of Things (IoT). So, if you are a beginner, the best thing you can do is work on some real-time IoT project ideas.

The world currently has around 15.14 billion IoT devices. And due to advancements in technologies like 5G, this number is projected to nearly double to 29.42 billion IoT devices by 2030. This indicates the IoT ecosystem is continuously expanding and evolving.

We, here at upGrad, believe in a practical approach as theoretical knowledge alone won’t be of help in a real-time work environment. In this article, we will be exploring some interesting IoT project ideas which beginners can work on to put their knowledge to test. In this article, you will find top IoT project ideas for beginners to get hands-on experience.

You can also check out our free courses offered by upGrad under machine learning and IT technology.

Why Build IoT-Based Projects?

But first, let’s address the more pertinent question that must be lurking in your mind: why build IoT projects?

When it comes to careers in software development, it is a must for aspiring developers to work on their own projects. Developing real-world projects is the best way to hone your skills and materialize your theoretical knowledge into practical experience. The more you experiment with different IoT projects, the more knowledge you gain.

The Internet of Things is a major sensation of the 21st century. After all, who would have thought that someday we’d have access to a technology that would allow us to connect everyday objects – like thermostats, kitchen appliances, door lock systems, baby monitors, and electrical appliances – over a centralized and integrated network and control them from anywhere in the world!

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Essentially, IoT describes a connected network comprising multiple physical objects that have sensors and smart software embedded in them to facilitate the exchange of data among them via the Internet. However, IoT isn’t just limited to everyday household objects – you can even connect sophisticated industrial objects and systems over an IoT network. As of now, there are over 7 billion IoT devices, and this number is expected to grow to 22 billion by 2025!

An IoT network leverages a combination of mobile, cloud, and Big Data technologies along with data analytics and low-cost computing to enable the collection and exchange of data among physical objects connected within the network. And what’s impressive is that all of this is accomplished with minimal human intervention. 

As you start working on IoT project ideas, you will not only be able to test your strengths and weaknesses, but you will also gain exposure that can be immensely helpful to boost your career. Working on IoT simulation projects and IoT projects for engineering students is a fantastic way to improve efficiency and productivity. In this tutorial, you will find interesting IoT project ideas for beginners to get hands-on experience.

As the IoT technology continues to gain momentum in the modern industry, researchers and tech enthusiasts are readily investing in the development of pioneering IoT projects. In this post, we’ll talk about some of the best IoT project ideas.

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What are the benefits of IoT Projects Ideas for Final Year Students?

The Internet of Things (IoT) has emerged as a transformative force, connecting physical devices and everyday objects to the digital world. IoT projects encompass various applications across various sectors, from healthcare and agriculture to manufacturing and transportation. These IoT project ideas bring many benefits, revolutionizing industries and unprecedentedly enhancing lives.

1. Improved Efficiency and Productivity

One of the primary advantages of IoT projects is the ability to streamline processes and optimize resource usage. Businesses can monitor and manage operations in real time by deploying IoT-enabled sensors and devices. This leads to enhanced efficiency, reduced downtime, and improved overall productivity. For instance, in manufacturing, IoT sensors can track production lines, identifying bottlenecks and potential failures, allowing for timely maintenance and minimal disruptions.

2. Enhanced Data Collection and Analysis

IoT projects generate vast amounts of data from connected devices and sensors. This data offers valuable insights into operations, customer behavior, and equipment performance. Businesses can make informed decisions, identify trends, and predict outcomes through data analysis, leading to better planning and resource allocation.

3. Cost Savings and Resource Management

Optimizing resource usage not only improves efficiency but also leads to cost savings. IoT projects help organizations monitor energy consumption, water usage, and other resources, allowing for better control and conservation. Smart grids, for instance, can adjust energy distribution based on real-time demand, reducing waste and cutting costs for both providers and consumers.

4. Remote Monitoring and Control

IoT projects enable remote monitoring and control of devices and systems, offering convenience and safety. For example, IoT-enabled medical devices can transmit patient data to healthcare providers, enabling remote monitoring and timely intervention. Similarly, farmers can remotely monitor crops and irrigation systems in agriculture, optimizing agricultural practices and minimizing manual labor.

5. Enhanced Customer Experience

IoT applications can potentially revolutionize the customer experience by providing personalized and connected services. Smart homes with IoT devices offer seamless automation and control, enhancing comfort and convenience for residents. Retailers can leverage IoT data to offer personalized recommendations and targeted marketing, increasing customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Looking to challenge yourself or expand your portfolio? Check out our curated list of computer science project ideas to inspire your next groundbreaking project.

6. Predictive Maintenance

One of the most significant advantages of IoT projects is predictive maintenance. By continuously monitoring the condition of equipment and machinery, businesses can predict when maintenance is needed before a breakdown occurs. This approach reduces downtime, extends the lifespan of assets, and minimizes maintenance costs.

7. Safety and Security

IoT projects ideas can significantly improve safety in various environments. In industrial settings, IoT sensors can monitor workplace conditions, detect potential hazards, and ensure safety regulations compliance. Smart cities can use IoT to monitor traffic and public spaces, enhancing security and emergency response capabilities.

8. Sustainable and Eco-Friendly Solutions

IoT projects contribute to sustainability efforts by promoting smart and eco-friendly practices. Smart buildings can optimize energy consumption based on occupancy levels, reducing carbon footprints. IoT-enabled waste management systems can also improve recycling efforts and reduce waste generation.

9. Innovation and Competitiveness

Organizations that embrace IoT projects ideas gain a competitive edge by offering innovative solutions and services. IoT-driven insights and data analytics open new opportunities for businesses to differentiate themselves in the market and adapt to evolving customer needs.

10. Transforming Industries and Creating Smart Cities

They are instrumental in transforming industries and creating smart cities. IoT enables remote patient monitoring and telemedicine in healthcare, revolutionizing healthcare delivery. IoT-based precision farming techniques enhance crop yields while minimizing resource usage in agriculture. For transportation, IoT applications improve logistics and public transportation efficiency, reducing congestion and carbon emissions in smart cities.

So, here are a few IoT Project ideas that beginners can work on:

Top 24 Best IoT Projects Ideas For Final Year College Students & Beginners

This list of IoT project ideas for students is suited for beginners and those just starting out with IoT in general. These IoT project ideas will get you going with all the practicalities you need to succeed in your career. With a goal to keep up with advancing technologies, IoT projects for engineering students serve to be the blueprint to explore technological possibilities, a chance to produce, improve, and recreate technology capable of working on minimal human intervention. 

IoT research topics can help aspirants work on their practical skills and extend their subject knowledge further through consistent practice on IoT projects for engineering students. Further, this list should get you going if you’re looking for IoT project ideas for the final year. So, without further ado, let’s jump straight into some IoT project ideas that will strengthen your base and allow you to climb up the ladder.

1. Smart Agriculture System

One of the best ideas to start experimenting you hands-on IoT projects for students is working on a smart agriculture system. As the name suggests, this IoT-based project focuses on developing a smart agricultural system that can perform and even monitor a host of farming tasks. For instance, you can schedule the system to irrigate a piece of land automatically, or you can spray fertilizers/pesticides on the crops wirelessly through your smartphone.

Not just that, this IoT-based project can also successfully monitor soil moisture through a moisture sensing system, which can work to detect dry soil. Such an advanced system can handle routine agricultural tasks, thereby allowing farmers and cultivators to focus on more manual-intensive agricultural tasks. Learners can implement a similar IoT simulation project or IoT research topics to monitor house gardens or indoor plants that often go untended.

Benefits of smart agriculture system-

  • Real-time update
  • Increased productivity
  • Remote management
  • Timely monitoring
  • Data-centric
  • Lowered operation costs
  • Time effective
  • Accurate
  • Easy to use

Factors of smart agriculture-

  • Smart contracts
  • Supply Chain
  • Analytics
  • Soil factors
  • Climate
  • Sensors
  • Research
  • Storage

Source code – Github

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2. Weather Reporting System

This is one of the excellent IoT project ideas for beginners. This IoT-based weather reporting system is specifically designed to facilitate the reporting of weather parameters over the Internet. This is one of the best IoT projects where the system is embedded with temperature, humidity, and rain sensors that can monitor weather conditions and provide live reports of weather statistics. 

It is an always-on, automated system that sends data via a microcontroller to the web server using a WIFI connection. This data is updated live on the online server system. So, you can directly check the weather stats online without having to rely on the reports of weather forecasting agencies. The system also allows you to set threshold values and alerts for specific instances and notifies users every time the weather parameters cross the threshold value.

A few IoT projects for final year are aiming to evolve efficient usage of devices to reduce carbon footprint, which is a need of the hour. From consistent monitoring of carbon emissions to enforcing standard equipment and energy usage to operate under restricted levels, IoT’s role is evolving. Developers are leveraging smart technologies to maintain a consistent balance between nature and technology.

Benefits of Weather Reporting System-

  • Easy access to the weather report
  • Remote access
  • Compatible with various applications such as iOS, Android, etc.
  • Allows to take preventive measures
  • Allows the users to plan their activities
  • Can be carried anywhere
  • User friendly

Usage of Weather Reporting System-

  • Mountaineering
  • Agriculture
  • Fishing
  • Flood prediction
  • Defense
  • Aviation
  • Cyclone

Source code – Github

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3. Home Automation System

Home automation is perhaps the most talked about IoT projects. IoT-based home automation project aims to automate the functioning of household appliances and objects over the Internet. All the household objects that are connected over the IoT network can be controlled and operated through your smartphone.

This is not only convenient but also gives more power to the user to control and manage household appliances from any location in the world. 

This IoT-based project uses a touch-based home automation system. The components of this project include a WiFi connection, an AVR family microcontroller, and inbuilt touch-sensing input pins. While the microcontroller is integrated with the WiFi modem to obtain commands from the user via the Internet, an LCD screen displays the system status. When the microcontroller receives a command, it processes the instructions to operate the load accordingly and shows the system status on an LCD screen. 

However, also Blockchain IoT allows homeowners to manage their home security system remotely from their smartphone. Mentioning IoT projects can help your resume look much more interesting than others.

Benefits of Home Automation System-

  • Energy efficient
  • Safe and secure
  • Convenient
  • Time efficient
  • Remote access
  • Centralised managing point
  • Cost-effective
  • Constant monitoring 
  • Customisable according to the requirements

Usage of Home Automation System-

  • Electricity monitoring
  • Lawn management
  • The air quality of home
  • Home appliances of home
  • Smart assistants- Speech automated
  • Smart Locks
  • Smart Watches
  • Smart energy meters

Source code – Github

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4. Face Recognition Bot

This IoT project involves building a smart AI bot equipped with advanced facial recognition capabilities. This is one of the best IoT Projects where the intelligent AI bot is designed to recognize the faces of different people or a single person and also their unique voice. 

The system includes facial recognition features like face detection (perceives faces and attributes the same in an image), personal identification (matches an individual in your private repository containing hundreds and thousands of people), and also emotion recognition (detects a range of facial expressions including happiness, contempt, neutrality, and fear).

This combination of advanced recognition features makes for a robust security system. The system also includes a camera that lets users preview live streams through face recognition.

Benefits of Face Recognition Bot-

  • Identification of missing individuals
  • Identification of criminals/ perpetrators
  • Protection from identity theft
  • Protection from business theft
  • Better photo organisation
  • Medical treatment

Significant aspects of facial recognition-

  • 3D mapping
  •  Biometric techniques
  • Deep learning
  • Face representation
  • Face detection
  • Face recognition

Source code – Github

5. Smart Garage Door

Yes, you can use IoT technology to control and operate your garage door! The IoT-based smart garage door eliminates the need for carrying bulky keychains. All you need is to configure and integrate your smartphone with the home IoT network, and you can effortlessly open or close your garage door with just a few clicks of a button.  

This smart garage door system incorporates laser and voice commands and smart notifications for monitoring purposes, and also IFTT integration that allows you to create custom commands for Google Assistant. The smart notification option can trigger alerts in real-time to notify as and when the garage door opens or closes, which is a nifty addition. This is one of the most straightforward IoT project ideas for you to work on.

Benefits of Smart Garage Door-

  • Secure
  • Safe
  • Remote access
  • Trackable
  • Time efficient
  • Protect deliveries
  • Schedule option 
  • Easy to install
  • User friendly
  • Can be accessed through various devices

Source code – Github

6. Smart Alarm Clock

This is one of the interesting IoT project ideas. This IoT-based alarm clock functions not only as an alarm clock to wake you up every morning, but it can convert into a fully-functional device capable of performing other tasks as well. The features of this smart alarm clock include:

  • Voice command option to execute standard commands and also to initiate a video chat.
  • A text-to-speech synthesizer
  • Automatic display brightness adjustment
  • Audio amplifier volume control 
  • Alphanumeric screen for displaying text

Apart from these features, you can also add customizable features to the smart alarm clock. Interestingly enough, the alarm clock offers three ways of waking you up – by playing local mp3 files, by playing tunes from the radio station, and by playing the latest news updates as podcasts.

Benefits of Smart Alarm Clock-

  • Helps in timeline management
  • Improves sleep quality
  • Increases productivity
  • It can be connected to various devices
  • Allows the users to integrate with the playlist

Components of Smart Alarm Clock-

  • Text-to-speech synthesiser
  • Keyboard
  • Display
  • Audio Amplifier
  • Button 
  • Speaker
  • Resistors 
  • Capacitors
  • Wires

Source code – Github

7. Air Pollution Monitoring System

One of the best ideas to start experimenting your hands-on IoT projects for students is working on an Air pollution monitoring system. Air pollution is a menace in all parts of the world, and monitoring air pollution levels is a challenge that we’re facing. While traditional air pollution monitoring systems fail to monitor air pollution levels successfully and the contaminants, IoT-based air pollution monitoring systems can both monitor the level of air pollution in cities and save the data on web servers for future use. 

This smart air pollution monitoring system promotes a cost-efficient technique for determining air quality. The system is embedded with sensors that specially monitor five components of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Air Quality Index – ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxide, and particulate matter. Plus, the system also includes a gas sensor that can alert users in case of gas leaks or the presence of flammable gases. Apart from this, there’s also a temperature and humidity sensor.

Benefits of Air Pollution Monitoring System-

  • It helps to monitor the pollutants
  • Allows the decision-makers to take preventive and corrective measures
  • Helps in improving the environment
  • Trackable
  • It helps to reduce the chances of health imbalance

Parameters to measure Air Pollution Monitoring System-

  • Wind speed
  • Rainfall
  • Radiation 
  • Temperature
  • Wind direction
  • Barometric pressure

Source code – Github

8. Smart Parking System

With cities and urban areas getting crowded by the minute, finding a parking space is nothing short of a challenge. It is not only time-consuming but also quite frustrating. Thanks to IoT, there’s a solution for solving the parking problem crisis. This IoT-based smart parking system is designed to avoid unnecessary traveling and harassment in the search for an appropriate parking area. This is an excellent IoT project for beginners.

So, if you are in a parking space, this system uses an IR sensor to monitor the entire area during the run time and provide you with an image for the same. This allows you to see any free spaces in the parking lot and drive straight to it without wasting any time looking for a parking space. Also, the system is tuned to open the car gate n only if there are empty slots available in a parking space.

  • Advanced Sensor Types: Utilizes ultrasonic, magnetic, or camera-based sensors to detect parking space availability.
  • Machine Learning Optimization: Employs machine learning algorithms to analyze and optimize parking space allocation.
  • Real-Time Data Analysis: Provides a central server that processes sensor data for real-time parking management.
  • Mobile App Integration: Offers a mobile app for drivers to access real-time updates on parking availability, location, and pricing.
  • Dynamic Pricing Models: Supports dynamic pricing based on parking demand to optimize revenue and usage.
  • Data Analytics for Urban Planning: Provides data analytics that can be used for broader urban planning and management.
  • Integration with City Traffic Systems: Integrates with city traffic systems to help reduce congestion and pollution.

Benefits of Smart Parking System-

  • Less fuel consumption
  • Time efficient
  • Cost efficient
  • Productivity
  • Optimised Parking
  • Real-time monitoring
  • Inclusive to disabled 
  • Parking guided systems
  • Online payments
  • The place to recharge electric vehicle
  • Space for special permits

Source code – Github

9. Smart Traffic Management System

As the population increases, the number of vehicles plying on the road also increases inevitably. Due to the ever-increasing number of both public and private cars in cities and metropolitan areas, traffic congestion has become an everyday problem. One of the needed and best IoT projects. To combat this problem, this IoT-based project creates a smart traffic management system that can effectively manage traffic on roads, and offer free pathways to emergency vehicles like ambulances and fire trucks. 

Emergency vehicles can connect to this smart system and find signals and pathways where the traffic flow can be controlled dynamically. It flashes a green notification light for emergency vehicles. Also, this intelligent traffic management system can identify and monitor traffic violators even at night.

Benefits of Smart Traffic Management System-

  • Real-Time Management of Traffic
  • Safety from road accidents
  • Preventive measures
  • Traffic monitoring
  • Better time management
  • Environmental impacts

Factors of Smart Traffic Management System-

  • Video Traffic Detection
  • Edge Processing Capabilities
  • Pollution Analytics
  • Predictive Planning
  • Shareable data

Source code – Github

10. Smart Cradle System

The whole concept behind creating the smart cradle is to enable parents to check up on their infants and monitor their activities from afar (remote locations). 

This is one of the interesting IoT project ideas. The IoT-based smart cradle system includes a cry-detecting mechanism and live-video surveillance along with a user interface (for mobile or web). The cradle is equipped with multiple sensors that can check and monitor the humidity and temperature of the bed. On the other hand, the surveillance camera attached to the cradle will continue to send footage of the infant to the parents.

The data generated by the sensors is stored in the cloud. Additionally, the system includes a health algorithm that feeds on the sensor data to continually check the health condition of the infant and alert the parents if it senses anything unusual in the baby’s health stats.

Benefits of Smart Cradle System-

  • Allows the parents to monitor their child.
  • Instant messages on ongoings.
  • Noise detection of the baby
  • Alerts on phone
  • Camera
  • Remote access
  • Shareable data

Features of a Smart Cradle System-

  • PIR sensor for child monitoring
  • Noise Detection
  • Camera
  • Swings on the cradle

Source code – Github

11. Smart Gas Leakage Detector Bot

Gas pipes are an indispensable component of both homes and industrial companies. Any leakage in gas pipes can lead to fire accidents and also contaminate the air with pollutants, thereby causing a disastrous effect on the air and the soil. This IoT-based project is explicitly built to combat the issue of gas leakage.

And this is the perfect idea for your next IoT project!

This tiny bot includes a gas sensor that can detect any gas leaks in a building. All you have to do is insert the bot into a pipe, and it will monitor the condition of the pipe as it moves forward. This is one of the most important and best IoT projects. In case the bot detects any gas leak in the pipeline, it will transmit the location of the leakage in the pipe via an interface GPS sensor over the IoT network. The bot uses IOTgecko to receive and display any gas leakage alert and its location over the IoT network. 

  • Multi-Gas Detection: Detects various gases like natural gas, propane, and carbon monoxide.
  • Integration with Smart Systems: Ability to integrate with smart home or industrial systems for enhanced safety protocols.
  • Automatic Safety Responses: Capable of triggering ventilation systems or shutting off gas supply lines automatically to mitigate risks.
  • Smartphone Notifications: Sends prompt notifications to smartphones or central monitoring systems when gas concentrations exceed safe levels.
  • Remote Monitoring and Control: Includes a Wi-Fi module for remote monitoring and control via smartphones.
  • Automatic Gas Valve Control: Features a motorized valve that can automatically turn off the gas valve to prevent further leakage.
  • Ease of Installation: Highlights the ease of installing the system for effective use.

Benefits of Smart Gas Leakage Detector Bot-

  • Early detection of toxic gases
  • Avoid unwanted leakages
  • Prevention from unwanted leakages

Features of Smart Gas Leakage Detector Bot-

  • LCD Display
  • IoT setup
  • Gas Sensor
  • Buzzer
  • Monitoring

Source code – Github

12. Streetlight Monitoring System

Streetlights are a significant source of energy consumption. Often, streetlights continue to remain on even when there’s no one in the street. With the help of this IoT-based streetlight monitoring system, we can efficiently monitor and optimize the energy consumption of streetlights.

In this IoT-based project, street lights are fitted with LDR sensors that can monitor the movement of humans or vehicles in the street. If the sensor can catch any movement in the street, it signals the microcontroller, which then turns on the street light. Similarly, if there’s movement in the street, the microcontroller switches the lights off. This way, a substantial amount of energy can be saved. This is one of the best IoT projects for safety. 

Not just that, the smart light system also allows users to monitor the estimated power consumption based on the current intensity of a streetlight. It is incorporated with a load-sensing functionality that can detect any fault in the lights. If the system detects an error, it automatically flags a particular light as faulty and sends the data over to the IoT monitoring system so that it can be fixed promptly.

Benefits of Streetlight Monitoring System-

  • Energy efficient
  • Cost-effective
  • Lower maintenance
  • Reduce carbon emissions
  • Improved infrastructure
  • Insights
  • Analysis

Features of Streetlight Monitoring System-

  • Digitally display signs
  • Detect weather conditions 
  • Monitor traffic 
  • Wifi hosting
  • Parking management
  • Alerts

Source code – Github

13. Smart Anti-Theft System

Security is one of the primary choices for homes, businesses, and corporations. Having a robust security system helps to keep unwanted intruders at bay. The IoT-based anti-theft system is the perfect solution for safeguarding homes as well as industrial enterprises. 

This IoT-based security system is programmed to monitor the entire floor of the building for tracking any kind of unusual movement. When turned on, a single movement could trigger an alarm, thereby alerting the owners of the property about unwanted visitors. It works something like this – whenever you vacate a house or a building, the Piezo sensor is turned on for tracking any movement in and around the property. This is one of the best IoT projects to practice. 

So if an intruder were to enter the property, the sensor would send the data to the microcontroller, which then converts it into a signal for the camera to snap a picture of the intruder. This picture is then automatically sent to the users on their smartphones. Mentioning IoT projects can help your resume look much more interesting than others.

Benefits of Smart Anti-Theft System-

  • Secure
  • Helps in the protection of belongings
  • Remote access
  • Integrates alert system
  • Allows the users to access it from any device
  • Alarm system

Factors of Smart Anti-Theft System-

  • Data capturing
  • Data storage
  • Data analysis
  • Shareable data
  • SMS option
  • Alert 
  • Door and Window Contacts
  • Motion Detectors
  • System Interruption Errors

Source code – Github

14. Liquid Level Monitoring System

This IoT-based project involves building a liquid-level monitoring system that can remotely monitor a particular liquid’s level and prevent it from overflowing. This project holds immense value for the industrial sector that uses large volumes of fluids in its day-to-day operations. Apart from detecting a liquid’s level, this monitoring system can also be used to track the usage of specific chemicals and to detect leaks in pipelines. 

The system is fitted with ultrasonic, conductive, and float sensors. A WiFi module helps connect the system to the Internet and facilitates data transmission. Four ultrasonic sensors help transmit the data on the liquid level and alert the user on the same. 

Benefits of Liquid Level Monitoring System-

  • Allows to access fluid level
  • Temperature monitoring
  • Updates 
  • Alarms
  • Automatic On/ OFF pumps
  • Level Control

Features of Liquid Level Monitoring System-

  • Remotely monitor liquid levels
  • Access fluid level information
  • Buzzer/ Trigger Alarms
  • Wi-Fi Modem 
  • Display levels of liquid

Source code – Github

15. Night Patrol Robot

This is one of the best IoT project ideas. It is a well-established fact that a majority of crimes occur in the dark, at night. This IoT project aims to develop a patrolling robot that can guard your home and property at night to prevent and reduce the possibilities of crimes. 

The patrol robot is equipped with a night vision camera with the help of which it can perform a 360-degree scan of a predefined path. It will scan a particular area, and if it detects human faces and movements, it will trigger an alarm to alert the user. The camera of the patrol robot can capture an intruder’s image and send the data to the user. The robot can function in a self-sufficient manner, without requiring you to hire security guards to protect your home.  

Benefits of Night Patrol Robot-

  • Secure
  • Increases safety
  • Helps in reducing the crime rates
  • Allows the government to track or trace criminals
  • Increases women’s safety
  • Strengthen surveillance efforts

Features of Night Patrol Robot-

  • Night vision
  • Motion Sensor
  • Display monitor
  • Wi-fi setup
  • Camera Capture
  • Speech recognition
  • Remote Access

Source code – Github

16. Health Monitoring System

This is one of the interesting IoT project ideas to create. This IoT-powered health monitoring system is designed to allow patients to take charge of their own health actively. The system will enable users to monitor their body vitals and send the data to qualified doctors and healthcare professionals. The doctors can then provide patients with immediate solutions and guidance based on their health condition. The sensors in the application can monitor patient vitals like blood pressure, sugar level, and heartbeat. If the vital stats are higher/lower than usual, the system will immediately alert the doctor. 

The idea behind creating this system is to allow patients and doctors to connect remotely for the exchange of medical data and expert supervision. You can use this application from any location in the world. It is an Arduino-based project – the communication occurs between the Arduino platform and an Android app via Bluetooth.

Benefits of Health Monitoring System

  • Cost-effective
  • Time effective
  • Accuracy
  • Easy access
  • Prompt diagnosis
  • Shareable
  • Health monitoring

Features of Health Monitoring System-

  • Sensor Module
  • Data Acquisition
  • Data Monitoring
  • Data Processing
  • Easy UI
  • Shareable
  • Wi-fi module

Source code – Github

17. Smart Irrigation System

Often, farmers have to irrigate the land manually. Not only is this a time-intensive task, but it is also labor-intensive. After all, it is quite challenging for farmers to continuously monitor the moisture level of the whole field and sprinkle the pieces of land that require water. This IoT project is a smart irrigation system that can analyze the moisture level of the soil and the climatic conditions and automatically water the field as and when required. 

You can use the smart irrigation system to check the moisture level, and set a predefined threshold for an optimum moisture level of soil, on reaching which the power supply will get cut off. An Arduino/328p microcontroller controls the motor that supplies water, and there’s an on/off switch with which you can start or stop the motor. The smart irrigation system will automatically stop if it starts raining.

Benefits of Smart Irrigation System-

  • Water conservation
  • Time efficient
  • Cost-effective
  • Remotely control sprinklers 
  • Increased soil quality
  • Sensors (Rain, Freeze, Wind, etc.)
  • Soil moisture sensor

Features of Smart Irrigation System-

  • Water Pump
  • Soil Moisture Sensor
  • Processing unit
  • Water Schedule Setup
  • Data Monitoring

Source code – Github

18. Flood Detection System

Floods are a common natural disaster that occurs almost every year in our country. Floods not only destroy agricultural fields and produce, but they also cause significant damage to vast stretches of area and property. This is why early flood detection is extremely vital to prevent the loss of life and valuable assets. 

This IoT-based flood detection system is built to monitor and track different natural factors (humidity, temperature, water level, etc.) to predict a flood, thereby allowing us to take the necessary measures to minimize the damage caused. This IoT project uses sensors to collect data for all the relevant natural factors. For instance, a digital temperature humidity sensor detects fluctuations in humidity and temperature. On the other hand, a float sensor continually monitors the water level. 

Besides providing a system equipped with temperature sensors and float sensors to gauge the possible flood conditions, comprehending the geographical features of the space can help create shelters and collect required amenities beforehand. At the same time, flood detection systems are capable enough to gauge the time a fresh wave of the flood could take to reach a particular location. Systems like these are significant to maintaining the well-being of communities. Advanced detection systems created through IoT projects for final year can alert residents in time, allowing for early evacuation planning.

Benefits of Flood Detection System

  • Risk Management
  • Helps in saving lives
  • Allows the stakeholders to save infrastructure
  • Cost-effective
  • Time effective
  • Real-time data
  • Flood forecasting
  • Mapping using GIS

Components of Flood Detection System-

  • Water Sensor
  • Wind Sensor
  • Data management
  • Ultrasonic sensor
  • Power Supply
  • Microcontrollers
  • Modem

Source code – Github

19. Mining Worker Safety Helmet

This is one of the interesting IoT project ideas. Mining workers work under extremely hazardous and dangerous conditions. Underground environments are full of risks, so there is always a fear of unpleasant accidents for miners. This mining worker safety helmet uses a microcontroller-based circuit to track the mining site’s environment and evaluate the safety of the workers. 

The safety helmet is equipped with an RF-based tracking system that helps transmit the data over the IoT network. An atmega microcontroller-based RF tracker circuit receives the data that is sent by the helmet nodes. Based on this data, the system maps the current location of workers in real time as they move through the mining site.

The helmet also includes a panic (emergency) button. If you press this button, an emergency sign will show up over the IoT web interface. This will alert the management to take the necessary steps for ensuring the workers’ safety.

Benefits of Mining Worker Safety Helmet-

  • Identification of the worker’s last location
  • Alarm in case of hazardous situation
  • Safety 
  • Safeguarding of lives
  • Infrastructure management
  • Time effective
  • Cost-effective

Features of Mining Worker Safety Helmet-

  • Cell place
  • Gas vent
  • Flexible button to untie
  • Sensors to send alarm 
  • Location tracker
  • Mini camera if required

Source code – Github

20. Smart Energy Grid

At present, energy grids are not optimized. Often when the electricity grid of a given region fails, the entire area suffers a blackout. This usually hinders the daily activities of people. This is one of the best IoT project ideas which proposes a solution to rectify this issue by creating a smart electricity grid.

This IoT-based smart energy grid uses an ATmega family controller to monitor and control the system’s activities. It uses WiFi technology to communicate over the Internet via the IoTGecko webpage. This smart grid’s primary task is to facilitate the transmission line’s re-connection to an active grid in case a particular grid fails.

So, if an energy grid becomes faulty, the system will switch to the transmission lines of another energy grid, thus, maintaining an uninterrupted electricity supply to the specific region whose energy grid failed. The system uses two bulbs to indicate valid and invalid users. Registered personnel can log in to the IoTGecko webpage and view updates on which grid is active and faulty. This is one of the best IoT Projects to add to your resume.

The smart energy grid can also monitor energy consumption and detect incidents of electricity theft.

Benefits of Smart Energy Grid-

  • Energy efficient
  • Resourceful
  • Time effective
  • Cost-effective
  • Improved reliability
  • Enhanced power quality
  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
  • Digitalisation
  • Decarbonisation

Source code – Github

21. Contactless Doorbell

All the systems around have become digitalised and automated. Covid on other hand has given a new perspective to contactless interaction.

The machine uses the raspberry pi controller. The machine also uses a camera and speaker for the process.

Benefits of Contactless  Doorbell-

  • Increased security
  • Prevention from thefts
  • Alert the owners
  • Voice assistance 
  • Alarm 
  • Wi-fi module
  • Camera capture
  • Remote access
  • Can be connected through various devices

Features of Contactless Doorbell-

  • Automatic visitor recognition
  • Power Supply
  • LAN/ Ethernet
  • Vision Sensor
  • PIR Sensor

Source code – Github

22. Virtual Doctor Robot

Doctors are highly required in the medical field. Their expertise saves lives every day, and they are seen as one of the most integral parts of our society. But with the rising cases and mishaps, especially in the case of emergencies and remote locations, it becomes difficult for doctors to be present everywhere. 

Virtual doctors play an important role to provide medical expertise even in remote locations. They could interact with the patients and provide medical advice just like a human. 

Benefits of Virtual Doctor Robot-

  • Inclusive to all types of locations
  • They could move around different locations
  • Assess medical reports over video call
  • Provide medical treatment at the earliest

Source code – Github

23. Smart Waste Management System

The cities are smarter and are keeping up with the technology. It is time to do away with the age-old practice of waste disposal and adapt to the smart waste management system.

Municipal professionals can make great use of this technology. Whenever the dustbin is about to be filled up totally, it sends an alarm or an alert to the team that they could fetch the waste in time. 

It also helps in segregating the waste into dry or wet garbage. Moreover, they could also help them to save energy and time.

Benefits of Smart Waste Management System-

  • Reduction of cost of collection
  • In time pickups
  • Stop overflowing of garbage
  • Environment friendly
  • CO2 Emission Reduction

Components of Smart Waste Management System-

  • IoT platform
  • Sensors
  • Integrated to various applications
  • Wi-fi 
  • Alarm/ Alert

Source code – Github

24. Forest Fire Alarm System

The machine helps to identify the causes of fire threats and take immediate measures to prevent those. This satellite and optical system can detect large landscapes. The alerts can be sent in time in order to take necessary actions in time. 

Benefits of Forest Fire Alarm System-

  • Safeguards environment
  • Helps to protect the environment, lives, infrastructure, and more.
  • Allows to gauge temperature, humidity, pressure, and wind
  • Geographical mapping of the location

Source code – Github

25. Smart Baggage Tracker

The Smart Baggage Tracker is one of the brilliant IoT project topics aimed at making traveling more convenient and stress-free. This project involves placing a small, lightweight device in your luggage that tracks its location in real-time. Using a smartphone app, you can quickly determine the exact whereabouts of your baggage at any time. 

Benefits of Smart Baggage Tracker-

  • Reduce the instances of lost or misplaced luggage.
  • Secured tagging in case of lost/stolen luggage. 
  • Weight monitoring 
  • Temperature control

Source code – Github

26. Lavatory Vacant/Occupied System

The Lavatory Vacant/Occupied System is a cutting-edge IoT project that offers a real-time solution for monitoring the occupancy of public and private restrooms. By using sensors and indicators, it provides instant updates on whether the restroom is available or in use. The system aims to optimize restroom management and enhance the overall user experience.

Benefits of Lavatory Vacant/Occupied System-

  • Improve privacy and user comfort.
  • Increase efficiency in cleaning and maintenance.
  • Reduce waiting times and manage queues effectively.
  • Enhance the utilization of facilities, particularly in high-traffic areas.
  • Foster sanitary conditions by preventing overcrowding.

Source code – Github

27. Smart Pet Tracker

The Smart Pet Tracker is a cutting-edge IoT-based project that aims to keep our beloved pets secure and healthy. Employing advanced tracking systems, this device can be easily attached to your pet’s collar, allowing you to monitor their whereabouts in real-time and guarantee their safety and well-being.

Benefits of the Smart Pet Tracker-

  • Know exactly where your pet is at any given time.
  • Get notified immediately if your pet leaves a pre-defined ‘safe zone’.
  • Understand your pet’s patterns and behaviors better.
  • Monitor your pet’s health and activity levels to ensure they’re staying active and healthy.
  • Adjust the tracking and alert parameters to suit your specific needs.
  • The Smart Pet Tracker is user-friendly and can be set up within minutes.
  • Affordable

Source code – Github

28. Plant Watering System

The IoT Plant Watering System is an interesting IoT-based mini project combining technology with nature to ensure plants are properly hydrated. This system uses sensors to check how moist the soil is and waters the plants automatically when the soil gets too dry. 

It’s a huge improvement for home gardeners because it reduces the chances of plants not getting enough or getting too much water.

Benefits include-

  • The system only waters plants when necessary, optimizing water usage.
  • The automated nature of the system relieves individuals from the need to manually water plants.
  • By maintaining appropriate moisture levels, the system promotes healthier and more productive plants.
  • This automation frees up time that can otherwise be used elsewhere.
  • The system can be scaled to suit everything from small household gardens to large agricultural fields.

Source code – Github

29. Home Energy Monitoring and Management

IoT has brought an exciting transformation in the Home Energy Monitoring and Management landscape. This great IoT project idea for beginners aims to provide homeowners with real-time data on their energy usage, allowing them to make informed decisions to minimize waste and reduce their energy bills.


  • Promotes conscious energy consumption, reducing waste, and promoting sustainability.
  • Homeowners can cut down their electricity bills by identifying and reducing unnecessary power usage.
  • The system is user-friendly, with a simple interface that doesn’t require technical expertise to operate.

Source code – Github

30. Health and Fitness Monitoring Device

The Health and Fitness Monitoring Device is an innovative solution that stands out among IoT projects. This device employs the principles of the Internet of Things (IoT) to monitor and track fitness metrics in real-time.

The benefits –

  • Allows integration of various technologies, offering students a practical understanding of IoT project ideas.
  • Facilitates real-time monitoring of health and fitness data, demonstrating the potential and utility of IoT in healthcare.

Source code – Github

31. Smart Pet Feeder

The IoT-based Smart Pet Feeder is an exciting and invaluable project idea for engineering students looking to delve into the world of IoT projects. This project is a perfect blend of technology and utility, designed to automatically feed pets at predetermined times.

The Smart Pet Feeder uses an IoT device to trigger the release of pet food from a dispenser into a feeding bowl. The owner can customize feeding schedules and portion sizes through a smartphone application, ensuring that pets follow a balanced diet even when the owner is not around.

Benefits of the Smart Pet Feeder-

  • Ensures that pets are fed at regular intervals without manual intervention.
  • Allows pet owners to customize feeding times and portion sizes based on their pets’ needs.
  • Offers owners the ability to monitor feeding schedules remotely, offering peace of mind.
  • Helps in maintaining a balanced diet for pets, contributing to their overall well-being.

Source code – Github

32. Water Quality Monitoring System

The Water Quality Monitoring System uses the IoT to monitor water quality in real-time. Such IoT-based projects are instrumental in addressing significant environmental issues, pushing them beyond the periphery of just IoT project ideas to something more impactful.

This project is incredibly important as it helps maintain the health and well-being of communities by ensuring clean and safe drinking water.

Benefits of the Water Quality Monitoring System-

  • Real-time monitoring and instant feedback on water quality.
  • Automation of the water monitoring process, reducing human error.
  • Potential for early detection of water contaminants, preventing health hazards.

Source code – Github

33. Safety Monitoring System for Manual Wheelchairs

The Safety Monitoring System for Manual Wheelchairs is a good example of IoT-based projects that offer life-improving solutions. This practical and vital IoT project idea uses a series of sensors and alarms to monitor the safety of wheelchair users.

Here are some key benefits-

  • Ensures user safety with real-time monitoring and hazard detection.
  • Increases user independence by enabling more confident navigation.
  • Provides peace of mind to caregivers with immediate alert systems.

Source code – Github

34. Gesture-Controlled Contactless Switch for Smart Home

The Gesture-Controlled Contactless Switch for Smart Homes is a cutting-edge IoT project for engineering students. This project uses gesture-recognition technology to operate switches without physical contact, contributing significantly to the development of smart homes.

Benefits of the Gesture-Controlled Contactless Switch for Smart Homes-

  • Enhance user convenience with easy and intuitive controls.
  • Improve safety by eliminating the need for physical contact with switches.
  • Facilitate energy efficiency through smart control of home appliances.

Source code – Github

35. Automatic Emotion Journal

The Automatic Emotion Journal is an excellent example that demonstrates how IoT can be integrated into our day-to-day lives, enhancing our emotional well-being.

This unique project uses IoT technology to capture an individual’s emotional state throughout the day. Using sensors and data analysis, it can record mood changes, providing a comprehensive emotional journal without the user having to manually input any information.

Benefits of the Automatic Emotion Journal-

  • Offers valuable insights into emotional patterns.
  • Encourages users to pay attention to their emotional well-being.

Source code – Github

36. Cryptocurrency Alert System

The Cryptocurrency Alert System is an innovative IoT project idea that brings together the worlds of technology and finance. This system monitors the volatile cryptocurrency market and sends real-time alerts based on specific conditions set by the user.

Benefits of the Cryptocurrency Alert System-

  • Empowers users with real-time data, enabling informed decision-making.
  • Encourages learning about both IoT and the burgeoning field of cryptocurrency.

Source code – Github

37. Night Patrol Robot

The Night Patrol Robot is an exceptional example of IoT projects that engineering students can undertake. Using advanced technology, this robotic device performs security patrols during nighttime hours, effectively providing a layer of safety and security wherever it’s deployed.

Source code – Github

38. Smart Banking System

The Smart Banking System is a prime example of IoT-based projects that students can take up to understand the practical applications of IoT. In this project, IoT technology is employed to enhance banking services like money transfer, making them more efficient and customer-friendly.

Benefits of the Smart Banking System-

  • Enhances understanding of how IoT can be employed to improve banking services continuously.

Source code – Github

39. Prison Break Monitoring And Alerting System

The Prison Break Monitoring and Alerting System is one of the innovative IoT projects that harness the power of IoT technology. This IoT project idea uses various sensors and alarms fused with IoT to monitor prison cells and alert the relevant authorities in case of any suspicious activities or breaches.

Key benefits-

  • Real-time monitoring provides comprehensive surveillance.
  • Automated alerts
  • Potentially save considerable amounts of money spent on traditional security measures.

Source code – Github

40. Customised Gaming Controller

The Customized Gaming Controller is an exciting IoT project that empowers students to design and build their own gaming gear.

Key benefits of Customised Gaming Controller-

  • Provides a hands-on approach to IoT concepts.
  • Students learn about circuitry, programming, and IoT technology, enhancing their tech-savvy skills.
  • The project encourages unique ideas and designs, fostering creativity amongst students.

Source code – Github

IoT Projects Examples

  • Smart Home Automation
  • Wearable Health Monitors
  • Smart Farming Systems
  • Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
  • Connected Car Applications
  • Smart Retail Systems
  • Energy Management Systems
  • Smart City Solutions
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Smart Grid Technology

Future for IoT

With the ever-growing need for improvement and better accessibility, IoT estimates a dynamic future globally. Introduction to 5G and Metaverse are proof of the oncoming bright future for IoT’s flexible and improved variants. Assimilating the virtual world with reality through Metaverse is on its way, and IoT-based projects with source code are only a step away from joining hands to bring in digitally-driven physical devices. Cellular IoT’s growth is another aspect market expects to see in the coming years to adopt remote monitoring across diverse fields, including agriculture and smart cities. 

Extended IoT simulation projects are gaining popularity as a way to prepare young minds for the upcoming IoT trends. But perks are not the only thing accompanying IoT in the near future. 

Experts also predict heightened security threats for IoT-driven areas. A significant number of evolving IoT sectors are under the threat of botnets. In early 2021, sources reported a 35% to 51% spike in botnet attacks across individual devices and organizations through sophisticated instruments. As technological advancements improve, so do intrusion methods. Fortunately, constant improvements in security intelligence through IoT-based projects with source code are keeping such intrusions in check and aim to strengthen network and application firewalls further.

What are some college projects for IoT?

For college students exploring IoT, a variety of projects can provide practical experience and insight into this innovative field. Some potential project ideas include developing a Smart Irrigation System that uses sensors to optimize water usage in gardening, creating a Home Security System with motion detectors and remote alerts, or building an Energy Management System that monitors and controls energy consumption in real-time.

Other ideas could involve setting up an Environmental Monitoring System to track air quality or temperature changes, or implementing a Health Monitoring System that collects and analyzes data from wearable devices to track fitness and health metrics. These projects not only enhance technical skills but also encourage students to think creatively about solving real-world problems with technology.

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Wrapping Up 

In this article, we have covered 24 IoT project ideas. These IoT-based projects are just a few examples of how IoT technology can be used and implemented to create innovative products. With further advancements in technology, it is highly likely that more such radical and groundbreaking IoT-based projects will enter the canvas of our everyday lives.

If you wish to improve your IoT skills, you need to get your hands on these IoT project ideasNow go ahead and put to test all the knowledge that you’ve gathered through our IoT project ideas guide to building your very own IoT Projects!

If you are interested to know more about IoT, deep learning, and artificial intelligence, check out our Executive PG Programme in Machine Learning & AI program which is designed for working professionals and provides 30+ case studies & assignments, 25+ industry mentorship sessions, 5+ practical hands-on capstone projects, more than 450 hours of rigorous training & job placement assistance with top firms.

upGrad partners with leading faculty and industry leaders to nurture dynamic young professionals and help them land lucrative jobs in the tech domain. Besides, learners get to have one-on-one sessions with professional mentors for extensive guidance and counseling. 

How easy it is to implement these projects?

These projects are very basic, someone with a good knowledge of IoT can easily manage to pick and finish any of these projects.

Can I do this projects on Internship?

Yes, as mentioned, these project ideas are basically for Students or Beginners. There is a high possibility that you get to work on any of these project ideas during your internship.

Why do we need to build IoT projects?

When it comes to careers in software development, it is a must for aspiring developers to work on their own projects. Developing real-world projects is the best way to hone your skills and materialize your theoretical knowledge into practical experience.

How is IoT useful in real life?

IoT is an integral part of our daily lives now; we all use IoT either knowingly or unknowingly. The best example of IoT in our day-to-day lives is home automation applications. Smart lights and smart blinds are becoming increasingly common today in modern smart homes. Then, our smartwatches that can track our heartbeat, count steps, etc., are also another brilliant application of IoT. Most of our smartphones come with biometric locks nowadays. These are again applications of IoT in real life. The barcode scanners we find in shopping malls are also IoT applications connected to computers and billing machines, which are all a part of the IoT network.

Do IoT engineers have to write code?

IoT devices or the hardware that we see are built up of several components, of which the IoT software needs to be programmed using computer languages. So IoT engineers have to write code using programming languages for IoT software to function. Several programming languages go into creating successful IoT applications, each with its own unique features and benefits. Some of the most commonly employed programming languages used are Python, Java, C++, MySQL, and C, among others. These programming languages are used to write the instructions contained in IoT software, which is embedded in the IoT hardware.

What skills and aptitude do you need to become an IoT developer?

If you aspire to become an IoT developer, then first and foremost, you need to have some basic familiarity with programming languages that are needed for IoT software development. Knowing Python and JavaScript can be an added advantage. Having an understanding of the role of data is vital in IoT. Trying your hands-on practice IoT projects is a brilliant way to gain confidence. Along with technical skills, soft skills are also indispensable in becoming a successful IoT developer.

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