Top Languages For The Full Stack Developers in 2022

With so many full stack languages around, you can easily get confused, trying to figure out where to start. There’s Java, C#, Python, PHP, JavaScript, and many others. Each programming language has specific advantages and functions, due to which it gets popular. And to become a full-stack developer, you’ll need to learn multiple programming languages so you can handle client-side and server-side projects.

When there are too many choices, there is confusion, and to help you tackle this confusion, we’ve compiled a list of the top full stack developer languages you can learn. As the demand for full stack developers increase, so are their salaries. By learning these primary languages, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a proper developer!

Let’s get started.

Full Stack Developer Languages You Should Know


HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, and you use it for creating web pages. A web page can contain text, audio, and other elements. Writing it in HTML lets the web browser interpret what the web page should display. 

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It is the primary language for web development and has received many updates. These days, people use HTML5, which is the latest version of HTML and has many features. HTML also helps you create a structure for your web page. HTML5 has plenty of features which make it an exciting language to learn.

For example, you can use HTML5 to create web applications that can work offline (you don’t need to be connected to the internet) as well as add fresh graphics. 

With HTML, you’ll also have to learn CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). While HTML gives your web page structure, CSS affects its appearance. How your web page looks and feels is determined by its CSS code. 

It is also one of the significant full stack languages you’ll have to learn. HTML has a few features to affect the appearance of its elements, but it’s constrained in comparison to CSS. Apart from that, CSS helps you save a lot of time because you can use one CSS file for multiple web pages. The World Wide Web Consortium developed CSS. 


Once you’ve gotten familiar with simple languages like HTML and CSS, you can move on to a more complicated one, JavaScript. JavaScript is the third most popular language among developers for a reason; it’s essential to excellent front-end development. Many popular sites such as YouTube and Facebook rely on JS for creating their fantastic web pages.

It is a scripting language, which lets you do animation, update the content, and perform many powerful functions. HTML and CSS affect the structure and appearance of the web page, and JS affects its interface. 

The JS code of a web page determines how it interacts with the user. It calculates, manipulates as well as validates data. JS also gets regular updates. Recently, it got the ECMAScript 2019, which released last year. JavaScript is vital for any full-stack developer because unlike the two languages we discussed before, it’s quite vast and you can use it for server-side programming too through NodeJS. Javascript is one of the top programming languages a coder needs to learn.

As a beginner, you can use JavaScript to learn about data structures and algorithms as well. These concepts are necessary for any novice developer to learn because they help you solve programming problems. 


Now that we’ve discussed front-end languages, let’s consider a back-end language. There are many full stack developer languages dedicated to server-side programming. However, Python is the most popular one. It’s a versatile language and finds applications in many fields, including Machine Learning, data science, as well as back-end web development. Do you wonder why everyone talks about and prefers python? Read why python is so popular with developers.

It’s also effortless to learn as a beginner. You can use it to create apps too. The precise syntax of Python is quite similar to the English language, so interpreting the code and learning new things isn’t difficult. For back-end web development, you will have to get familiar with the Django framework, which is developed in Python.

Django is open-source, and like Python, it doesn’t require much effort to learn. Some big companies that are built on Django include Spotify and Mozilla. The flexibility and simplicity of Python make it a preferred choice for many developers and programmers. 


MEAN is a stack of web frameworks, which has gotten quite popular among full-stack developers. 

It contains the following web frameworks:

  • MongoDB
  • Express.js
  • AngularJS
  • NodeJS

Thus the name MEAN. 

Each framework serves a specific purpose, and by learning them all, you can quickly get started on full stack development. The best thing is you don’t need to learn multiple full stack programming languages to use the MEAN stack.

It is entirely based on JavaScript. All the frameworks in the MEAN stack use JavaScript. So, you can start learning the MEAN stack as soon as you learn JavaScript. MEAN has plenty of features which make it perfect for any full-stack developer. 

You can use MongoDB for the database, Express.js for creating web applications, AngularJS for front-end development, and NodeJS for back-end development.They all are powerful tools and give you the ability to perform full-stack development without putting in too much effort.

These frameworks enable you to program faster and save time. MEAN is quite popular among companies because of its versatile use and fast deployment. Amazon, Google, and many major organizations are using this technology. So learning MEAN will surely give you an edge. 

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Learn Full Stack Programming Languages

The languages we’ve mentioned are to get you started. There are many other languages you’ll come across on your journey, such as Ruby on Rails, PHP, etc. You might wonder how to get started on this journey, however. But don’t worry, because we’re here to help you.

If you want to find out more about full-stack web development and its programming languages, you can take a look at our Executive PG Program Full-Stack Development Course. Not only will it provide you with the necessary knowledge, but it will also give you a properly structured curriculum. You’ll be able to learn the skill efficiently and effectively. 

What are the differences between back-end and front-end programming?

Backend and frontend programming is two different fields in programming. Backend programming is knowledge about the database, database structure, and database programming. The database is the main structure of a software program that stores data from the user and displays data to the user. A backend programmer will do a lot of the technical work to work with the database. The front end usually refers to the visual aspects of a program. A frontend programmer will create the look and feel of a program. The frontend side of a program will change how the database displays the information to the user. This can be done through HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

What does a software developer do?

A software developer is a person with deep knowledge of software development and programming. A software developer is responsible for implementing software design and analysis and writing programming code. Software developer is also responsible for detecting and eliminating bugs in software developed by the team. Software developer would work on various programming platforms, including C, C++, java, JavaScript, HTML and PHP. He would also work on server-side programming language like ASP.NET, PHP, Ruby on Rails, JSP and Cold Fusion. He would also deal with database management system of a particular product, like Oracle or SQL server.

Which languages are used by full stack developers?

There are a lot of full stack developers, but most of them focus mainly on either the front-end or the backend. Here is the list of languages used by full stack developers. Currently, the most popular languages for full stack developers are Node.js, Python, C#. ASP.NET, and PHP. It’s believed that the most common languages for full stack developers in future will be HTML/CSS, and some of the newer ones like AngularJS, Node.js, React.js and so on. Full stack developers are polyglots. They need to be good at more than one language. The most common ones are Java, Ruby, Python and PHP. However, there are many more. There is a big demand for multi lingual developers because the Internet is global in nature.

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