In a world driven by technology, the front end is the key to unlocking success in software development. The back-end and front end technologies allow the software applications to run seamlessly, making it easier for the users not to look twice at it. Front end technologies also help provide a visually appealing graphic interface that attracts the user’s attention.
The need for front-end and back-end developers is growing substantially. According to the US Labour Statistics, by 2019-2029, the substantial growth for the need for web developers would increase by 8%. Therefore, implying an increased demand for web developers worldwide exponentially.
However, certain front end technologies would foster web development growth and increase demand shortly.
This article will explore what are the front end technologies leading the domain with their robust functionalities!
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Why is Front End Development Important?
Front end technologies play a crucial role in web development since it is any user’s first impression of a website. It helps enhance the user interfaces and makes the overall experience accessible. Front end technologies or front-end development come with a plethora of benefits. They are:
- It helps create a modern and responsive website with improved user experience.
- It consists of the latest CSS3 standards with different kinds of HTML 5 tags. This, in return, helps in creating a great website.
- It maintains the website seamlessly with only a few code lines rather than the ones in a traditional website.
- Improves website interaction to be friendly and intuitive.
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Criteria for Selection of the Best Front End Technologies
The best front end technologies should always be chosen based on specific criteria. These usually include:
- Compatibility of the devices and browsers of your target audience
- Understanding your project requirements which include scalability, performance and integration with other APIs
- Active community and support
- The associated learning curve
- Built-in security measures
These are some of the most important aspects you must check for in your chosen front-end technologies. Let’s explore some of these top front end technologies lists as well!
React is created for building UIs and UI components. Developed by a small team on Facebook, it is now one of the most significant front end technologies. Many major global companies are now using React to get in hand with the classic-model-view-controller (MVC) architecture.
A powerful web application framework developed by Google, Angular follows the MVC (Model-View-Controller) architectural pattern and provides a robust structure for building dynamic web applications. Angular implements a two-way data binding approach and offers features like dependency injection, routing, and component-based development.
Svelte is a new radical approach to using front-end technologies. Unlike React and Vue.js, Svelte performs tasks through a compile step while building the app. In simple words, instead of using the virtual DOM drifting technique, Svelte writes codes surgically and uploads them when the state of the DOM changes.
Backbone.js is a form of a user interface providing structure for web applications. It provides key-value binding from custom events and collects rich APIs of different functions. It also connects all the user’s APIs over a proper RESTful JSON interface.
Preact is closer to DOM and provides the thinnest virtual DOM abstraction just before DOM. It helps build stable platform features and also caters to building real event handlers that play nicely with other libraries.
Polymer is a lightweight and reusable web component that enables the creation of various web applications. It encapsulates like a standard HTML element and offers simpler and more important definitions than other HTML elements.
Riot.js is often synonymous with open-stack development. For developers who tend to avoid any framework-specific idioms, Riot.js is ideal for them. The tool helps mix and match different designs, making the user interface much more feasible to use.
This server-rendered React application runs in the browser and on the server. It facilitates the web developers to write the ES6 codes properly and run both environments without any need for transpiring.
Gatsby is a static site generator and a blazing-fast front-end technology that utilises React for building user interfaces. It enables developers to fetch data from various sources, including GraphQL or REST APIs. It helps fetch data with the help of on-the-fly code generation by using Webpack & Babel.
Gridesome is a modern open-source web development database that creates agile and secure websites. It can be deeply deployed in any place using Static HTML. These are generated to create SEO-friendly and other markups that hydrate the Vue.js.
Nuxt.js is a web development framework that makes the routing system to be seamless for creating all kinds of directories and later file pages in those directories. Nuxt.js automatically generates a router file based on the folder structure of the directory.
Similar to Vue.js, the Quasar web development framework is a cross-platform database. This helps build apps for desktops and mobile by incorporating technology like Electron and Cordova.
Bootstrap is a form of CSS framework that designs templates by implementing typography, buttons, navigations and forms. Bootstrap might come off to users as a toolkit for building front-end responsive sites with widespread ease and speed.
Bulma is a free, open-source web development framework with easily available front-end components. This, in turn, helps in building a responsive form of Web UI. Bulma is an integral part of the CSS framework that is best for front-end development.
#22: Semantic UI
The Foundation CSS framework provides creative scope among web developers. It can fork the framework and customise it according to the need of the UI. Companies tend to use foundations to upscale their sites and sell resources.
#24: Tailwind CSS
Unlike Bootstrap, Tailwind is an open-source CSS framework that does not provide a series of predefined elements or classes. It is much easier to use and is amicable for building all kinds of modern websites.
#25: CSS Grid and Flexbox
CSS Grid is ideal for a two-dimensional layout, whereas Flexbox is only ideal for one. This entails that Flexbox can work in rows, columns or both together. Web developers can combine Flexbox containers inside a Grid container, making work easier and more feasible.
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Future Developments in Front End Technologies
With consistently evolving technologies and the introduction of sophisticated frameworks, front-end technologies await a bright future full of advanced innovations that will soon become a prerequisite for development. Some of the future front-end trends include:
- Serverless Architecture
- Progressive Web Applications
- Component-Based Architectures
- Virtual and Augmented Reality
- Cross-Platform Development
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Staying updated with the latest front-end technologies is essential in the dynamic world of web development. The top front-end technologies covered in this article provide developers with diverse options to enhance their skills and create visually appealing, responsive websites.
For those seeking further knowledge and specialisation, consider exploring courses such as upGrad’s Master of Science in Computer Science at Liverpool John Moore’s University.
Along with keeping an eye on trending technologies, upskilling with Full Stack Software Development Bootcamp with upGrad can assist you in skyrocketing your career to become an industry leader!
What are the latest front end technologies?
The latest front end technologies that are dominating today's market are as follows: HTML 5, Boilerplate, Gatsby, React.js, Angular, Vue.js, Flutter and PWA.
Which framework is considered to be the best for front-end development?
ReactJS is the most popular web development framework. It is well known for its robust features, hence, creating a buzz among its users.
What are the essential tools of front-end developers?
Front-end developers use many tools to create a seamless UI. Here are some tools that they use- Visual studio code, Atom, Sublime editor, Bootstrap, Got, Chrome Developer tools and Sass.