75 Cyber Security Research Topics in 2024

Introduction to Cybersecurity Research

Cybersecurity research aims to protect computer systems, networks, and data from unauthorised access, theft, or damage. It involves studying and developing methods and techniques to identify, understand, and mitigate cyber threats and vulnerabilities. 

The field can be divided into theoretical and applied research and faces challenges such as

  • Increasing complexity 
  • New forms of malware 
  • The growing sophistication of cyber attacks

On a daily basis, approximately 2,200 cyber attacks occur, with an average of one cyber attack happening every 39 seconds. This is the reason why researchers must stay up-to-date and collaborate with others in the field. 

In this article, let’s discuss the different cybersecurity research topics and how they will help you become an expert in the field.

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75 Cyber Security Research Topics in 2024

Here are some of the latest research topics in cyber security – 

Emerging Cyber Threats and Vulnerabilities in 2024

Continual technological advancements lead to changes in cybersecurity trends, with data breaches, ransomware, and hacks becoming more prevalent. 

  1. Cyber Attacks and Their Countermeasures – Discuss – This research paper will discuss various cyber attacks and their corresponding countermeasures. It aims to provide insights on how organisations can better protect themselves from cyber threats.
  2. Is Cryptography Necessary for Cybersecurity Applications? – Explore the role of cryptography in ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and information in cybersecurity. It would examine the various cryptographic techniques used in cybersecurity and their effectiveness in protecting against cyber threats.

Here are some other cyber security topics that you may consider – 

  1. Discuss the Application of Cyber Security for Cloud-based Applications 
  2. Data Analytics Tools in Cybersecurity
  3. Malware Analysis
  4. What Are the Behavioural Aspects of Cyber Security? 
  5. Role of Cyber Security on Intelligent Transporation Systems
  6. How to Stop and Spot Different Types of Malware?

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Machine Learning and AI in Cybersecurity Research

Machine learning and AI are research topics in cybersecurity, aiming to develop algorithms for threat detection, enhance intelligence and automate risk mitigation. However, security risks like adversarial attacks require attention.

trending cyber security research topcs

  1. Using AI/ML to Analyse Cyber Threats – This cyber security research paper analyses cyber threats and could include an overview of the current state of cyber threats and how AI/ML can help with threat detection and response. The paper could also discuss the challenges and limitations of using AI/ML in cybersecurity and potential areas for further research.

Here are some other topics to consider – 

  1. Developing Cognitive Systems for Cyber Threat Detection and Response
  2. Developing Distributed Ai Systems to Enhance Cybersecurity
  3. Developing Deep Learning Architectures for Cyber Defence
  4. Exploring the Use of Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience in Enhancing Security and Privacy
  5. How is Cyber Security Relevant for Everyone? Discuss
  6. Discuss the Importance of Network Traffic Analysis
  7. How to Build an App to Break Ceasar Cipher

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IoT Security and Privacy

IoT security and privacy research aim to develop secure and privacy-preserving architectures, protocols, and algorithms for IoT devices, including encryption, access control, and secure communication. The challenge is to balance security with usability while addressing the risk of cyber-attacks and compromised privacy.

  1. Service Orchestration and Routing for IoT– It may focus on developing efficient and secure methods for managing and routing traffic between IoT devices and services. The paper may explore different approaches for optimising service orchestration. 
  2. Efficient Resource Management, Energy Harvesting, and Power Consumption in IoT – This paper may focus on developing strategies to improve energy use efficiency in IoT devices. This may involve investigating the use of energy harvesting technologies, optimising resource allocation and management, and exploring methods to reduce power consumption.

Here are some other cyber security project topics to consider – 

  1. Computation and Communication Gateways for IoT
  2. The Miniaturisation of Sensors, Cpus, and Networks in IoT
  3. Big Data Analytics in IoT
  4. Semantic Technologies in IoT
  5. Virtualisation in IoT
  6. Privacy, Security, Trust, Identity, and Anonymity in IoT
  7. Heterogeneity, Dynamics, and Scale in IoT
  8. Consequences of Leaving Unlocked Devices Unattended

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Blockchain Security: Research Challenges and Opportunities

Blockchain security research aims to develop secure and decentralised architectures, consensus algorithms, and privacy-preserving techniques while addressing challenges such as smart contract security and consensus manipulation. Opportunities include transparent supply chain management and decentralised identity management.

  1. Advanced Cryptographic Technologies in the Blockchain – Explore the latest advancements and emerging trends in cryptographic techniques used in blockchain-based systems. It could also analyse the security and privacy implications of these technologies and discuss their potential impact. 
  2. Applications of Smart Contracts in Blockchain – Explore the various use cases and potential benefits of using smart contracts to automate and secure business processes. It could also examine the challenges and limitations of smart contracts and propose potential solutions for these issues.

Here are some other topics – 

  1. Ensuring Data Consistency, Transparency, and Privacy in the Blockchain
  2. Emerging Blockchain Models for Digital Currencies
  3. Blockchain for Advanced Information Governance Models
  4. The Role of Blockchain in Future Wireless Mobile Networks
  5. Law and Regulation Issues in the Blockchain
  6. Transaction Processing and Modification in the Blockchain
  7. Collaboration of Big Data With Blockchain Networks

Cloud Security: Trends and Innovations in Research

Cloud security research aims to develop innovative techniques and technologies for securing cloud computing environments, including threat detection with AI, SECaaS, encryption and access control, secure backup and disaster recovery, container security, and blockchain-based solutions. The goal is to ensure the security, privacy, and integrity of cloud-based data and applications for organisations.

  1. Posture Management in Cloud Security – Discuss the importance of identifying and addressing vulnerabilities in cloud-based systems and strategies for maintaining a secure posture over time. This could include topics such as threat modelling, risk assessment, access control, and continuous monitoring.

Here are some other topics – 

  1. Are Cloud Services 100% Secure?
  2. What is the Importance of Cloud Security?
  3. Cloud Security Service to Identify Unauthorised User Behaviour
  4. Preventing Theft-of-service Attacks and Ensuring Cloud Security on Virtual Machines
  5. Security Requirements for Cloud Computing
  6. Privacy and Security of Cloud Computing

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Cybercrime Investigations and Forensics

Cybercrime investigations and forensics involve analysing digital evidence to identify and prosecute cybercriminals, including developing new data recovery, analysis, and preservation techniques. Research also focuses on identifying cybercriminals and improving legal and regulatory frameworks for prosecuting cybercrime.

  1. Black Hat and White Hat Hacking: Comparison and Contrast – Explore the similarities and differences between these two approaches to hacking. It would examine the motivations and methods of both types of hackers and their impact on cybersecurity.

Here are some other topics – 

  1. Legal Requirements for Computer Forensics Laboratories
  2. Wireless Hacking Techniques: Emerging Technologies and Mitigation Strategies
  3. Cyber Crime: Current Issues and Threats
  4. Computer Forensics in Law Enforcement: Importance and Challenges
  5. Basic Procedures for Computer Forensics and Investigations
  6. Digital Forensic Examination of Counterfeit Documents: Techniques and Tools
  7. Cybersecurity and Cybercrime: Understanding the Nature and Scope

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Cybersecurity Policy and Regulations

Cybersecurity policy and regulations research aims to develop laws, regulations, and guidelines to ensure the security and privacy of digital systems and data, including addressing gaps in existing policies, promoting international cooperation, and developing standards and best practices for cybersecurity. The goal is to protect digital systems and data while promoting innovation and growth in the digital economy.

  1. The Ethicality of Government Access to Citizens’ Data – Explore the ethical considerations surrounding government access to citizens’ data for surveillance and security purposes, analysing the potential risks and benefits and the legal and social implications of such access. 
  2. The Moral Permissibility of Using Music Streaming Services – Explore the ethical implications of using music streaming services, examining issues such as intellectual property rights, artist compensation, and the environmental impact of streaming. 

Here are some other topics – 

  1. Real Name Requirements on Internet Forums
  2. Restrictions to Prevent Domain Speculation
  3. Regulating Adult Content Visibility on the Internet
  4. Justification for Illegal Downloading
  5. Adapting Law Enforcement to Online Technologies
  6. Balancing Data Privacy With Convenience and Centralisation
  7. Adapting Law Enforcement to Online Technologies
  8. Understanding the Nature and Dangers of Cyber Terrorism

Human Factors in Cybersecurity

Human factors in cybersecurity research study how human behaviour impacts cybersecurity, including designing interfaces, developing security training, addressing user error and negligence, and examining cybersecurity’s social and cultural aspects. The goal is to improve security by mitigating human-related security risks.

  1. Review the Human Factors in Cybersecurity –  It explores various human factors such as awareness, behaviour, training, and culture and their influence on cybersecurity, offering insights and recommendations for improving cybersecurity outcomes.

Here are some other topics – 

  1. Integrating Human Factors in Cybersecurity for Better Risk Management
  2. Address the Human Factors in Cybersecurity Leadership
  3. Human Factors in IoT Security
  4. Internal Vulnerabilities: the Human Factor in It Security
  5. Cyber Security Human Factors – the Ultimate List of Statistics and Data

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Cybersecurity Education and Awareness

Cybersecurity education and awareness aims to educate individuals and organisations about potential cybersecurity threats and best practices to prevent cyber attacks. It involves promoting safe online behaviour, training on cybersecurity protocols, and raising awareness about emerging cyber threats.

  1. Identifying Phishing Attacks – This research paper explores various techniques and tools to identify and prevent phishing attacks, which are common types of cyber attacks that rely on social engineering tactics to trick victims into divulging sensitive information or installing malware on their devices.
  2. Risks of Password Reuse for Personal and Professional Accounts – Investigate the risks associated with reusing the same password across different personal and professional accounts, such as the possibility of credential stuffing attacks and the impact of compromised accounts on organisational security. 

Here are some other topics – 

  1. Effective Defence Against Ransomware
  2. Information Access Management: Privilege and Need-to-know Access
  3. Protecting Sensitive Data on Removable Media
  4. Recognising Social Engineering Attacks
  5. Preventing Unauthorised Access to Secure Areas: Detecting Piggybacking and Tailgating
  6. E-mail Attack and Its Characteristics
  7. Safe Wifi Practice: Understanding VPN


With the increasing use of digital systems and networks, avoiding potential cyber-attacks is more important than ever. The 75 research topics outlined in this list offer a glimpse into the different dimensions of this important field. By focusing on these areas, researchers can make significant contributions to enhancing the security and safety of individuals, organisations, and society as a whole.

upGrad’s Master of Science in Computer Science program is one of the top courses students can complete to become experts in the field of tech and cyber security. The program covers topics such as Java Programming and other forms of software engineering which will help students understand the latest technologies and techniques used in cyber security. 

The program also includes hands-on projects and case studies to ensure students have practical experience in applying these concepts. Graduates will be well-equipped to take on challenging roles in the rapidly growing field of cyber security.

What is the latest cyber security trend?

Artificial intelligence (AI) has proved to be an effective tool in cyber defence. AI is anticipated to gain even more prominence in 2024, mainly in monitoring, resource and threat analysis, and quick response capabilities.

What is one of the main research areas in cyber security?

One area of focus is the development of secure quantum and space communications to address the increasing use of quantum technologies and space travel. Another area of research is improving data privacy.

What is the prediction for cyber security in 2030?

The approach to cybersecurity is expected to change from defending against attacks to acknowledging and managing ongoing cyber risks. The focus will be on improving resilience and recovering from potential cyber incidents.

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