Best Career Options after PCMB: Which One Should You Choose

Choosing the right career path after completing the 12th grade is a pivotal decision for every student. For those who have taken the PCMB (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology) combination, the horizon of opportunities is vast and varied. This unique combination opens doors to both the worlds of engineering and medical sciences, among other fields. 

Whether you’re inclined towards the analytical rigour of mathematics, the innovative realm of physics, the wonders of chemical reactions, or the intricate details of biology, PCMB offers a plethora of avenues. 

In this guide, we’ll explore the diverse PCMB career options available to students, helping you navigate the myriad choices and find the path that resonates with your aspirations and interests.

However, if you wish to become the torchbearer for many candidates hoping to establish a career in various listed fields, the Executive Post-Graduate Programme in Human Resource Management by upGrad can be the perfect course to get started!

What is PCMB after 12th Science?

PCMB stands for Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology. When students in India opt for the Science stream in their 11th and 12th grades, they usually have the choice to select specific subject combinations. PCMB is one of those combinations.

Choosing PCMB means the student is studying all four major science subjects. This combination provides the most flexibility regarding career options after the 12th grade. With PCMB, candidates can explore careers across diverse Medical, Engineering and various other Pure Sciences fields.

Top Career Options after 12th Science PCMB

Let’s look at some of the leading PCMB career options so students can make an informed decision: 

Agricultural Sciences

Agricultural scientists are the stewards of our food supply, ensuring that crops and livestock meet the growing demands of the global population.


They research crop yields, pest management, soil health, and sustainable farming practices. Their innovations give birth to more resilient and productive agricultural systems.

Skills Required

Deep knowledge of plant and animal biology, soil chemistry, research methodologies, and data analysis techniques.

Career Path

A bachelor’s degree in agricultural science or a related field is foundational. Many pursue master’s or Ph.D. levels for specialised roles. Opportunities abound in agribusiness firms, research institutions, and government agencies.

The average salary of an Agricultural Scientist in India – INR 20,36,980 pa

Biochemical Engineer

Biochemical engineers blend biology and engineering, optimising and scaling biological processes for industrial applications.


They design bioreactors, optimise enzyme production, and translate laboratory findings into large-scale manufacturing processes.

Skills Required

A blend of biochemistry knowledge, engineering principles, analytical skills, and problem-solving abilities.

Career Path

A bachelor’s degree in biochemical or chemical engineering is the starting point. The pharmaceutical industry, biotech firms, and energy sectors are major employers, with many engineers pursuing advanced degrees for research roles.

The average salary of a Doctor in India – INR 13,50,000 pa

Molecular Biologist

Molecular biologists are the cellular world’s detectives, unravelling life’s mysteries at a molecular and genetic level. Their work is foundational to understanding how organisms grow, develop, and function.


They primarily study the interactions and relationships between cell systems, such as DNA, RNA, and proteins, to understand cell functions, growth, and development. Their research often leads to insights into diseases and potential treatments.

Skills Required

Mastery in genetics, biochemistry, molecular techniques, data interpretation, and often, proficiency in bioinformatics tools to analyse complex genetic data.

Career Path

Starting with a bachelor’s degree in molecular biology or genetics, many pursue a Ph.D. for advanced research roles. They often find opportunities in academia, biotech companies, and pharmaceutical industries.

The average salary of a Molecular Biologist in India – INR 3,93,054 pa.

Research Scientist

Research scientists are the torchbearers of discovery, constantly pushing the boundaries of human knowledge across various scientific disciplines.


They design and conduct experiments, analyze results, and contribute to the broader scientific community through publications and collaborations.

Skills Required

Curiosity, analytical thinking, expertise in their chosen domain, and mastery of research methodologies.

Career Path

A bachelor’s degree in a relevant field is just the beginning. Most research scientists pursue a Ph.D. for independent research roles. They often work in universities, private companies, government labs, or non-profit research institutions.

The average salary of a Research Scientist in India – INR 9,60,000 pa

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Biochemists bridge biology and chemistry, exploring the chemical processes that drive life in organisms.


They investigate cellular processes, study the chemical properties of essential biological molecules, and seek to understand how these molecules affect health and disease.

Skills Required

A strong foundation in organic and inorganic chemistry, molecular biology, analytical skills, and proficiency in laboratory techniques.

Career Path

Most biochemists start with a bachelor’s degree in biochemistry or molecular biology. Advanced research roles often require a master’s or Ph.D. They find opportunities in pharmaceutical companies, research institutions, and academia.

The average salary of a Biochemist in India – INR 7,82,500 pa


Physicists seek to decode the universe’s mysteries, from the vast expanse of galaxies to the subatomic world.


They conduct experiments, develop theories, and apply their findings to innovations in technology, medicine, and other fields.

Skills Required

A robust mathematical foundation, analytical thinking, problem-solving, and expertise in specialised areas of physics.

Career Path

After a bachelor’s degree in physics, many pursue a Ph.D. for specialised research. They find roles in academia, research institutions, and aerospace, energy, and technology industries.

The average salary of a Physicist in India – INR 7,00,000 pa


Doctors are the linchpins of the healthcare system, ensuring the well-being of individuals and communities.


They diagnose and treat illnesses, guide preventive care, perform surgeries, and often specialise in specific areas of medicine.

Skills Required

Deep medical knowledge, diagnostic acumen, patient communication skills, and empathy.

Career Path

Following a bachelor’s degree, medical school and residency are essential. They can work in hospitals, clinics, private practices, or even venture into research and public health.

The average salary of a Doctor in India – INR 5,40,000 pa

Forensic Scientist

Forensic scientists are the unsung heroes of the criminal justice system, using science to solve crimes and bring justice to the forefront.


Their primary responsibility is to gather, preserve, and analyse physical evidence from crime scenes. This can range from fingerprints and blood samples to digital evidence and toxicology reports.

Skills Required

Precision, a methodical approach, deep knowledge of laboratory techniques, and an understanding of the legal implications of their findings.

Career Path

The starting point is a bachelor’s degree in forensic science or a related field. Specialisations in areas like toxicology or digital forensics might require additional training. They often work with law enforcement agencies, legal teams, or in independent labs.

The average salary of a Forensic Scientist in India – INR 4,20,000 pa


Dentists are specialised healthcare professionals dedicated to the care and well-being of oral health, ensuring smiles remain bright and pain-free.


Beyond treating cavities, they diagnose and treat gum diseases, perform oral surgeries, extract teeth, and even design dental prosthetics.

Skills Required

Strong diagnostic abilities, manual dexterity for surgical procedures, excellent interpersonal skills for patient interactions, and a deep understanding of oral anatomy.

Career Path

After completing a bachelor’s degree, aspiring dentists attend dental school to earn either a DDS or DMD degree. They then must pass licensing exams. Opportunities range from private practices to hospitals; some even specialise in areas like orthodontics or pediatric dentistry.

The average salary of a Dentist in India – INR 3,00,000 pa


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Here’s How You Can Choose the Right Career Choice

  • Self-Assessment: Begin by understanding your strengths, interests, and passions. Consider taking aptitude and personality tests to gain insights into careers that might be a good fit for you.
  • Research: Dive deep into the various career options available for PCMB students. Understand each option’s scope, job roles, future prospects, and industry growth.
  • Practical Exposure: Attend workshops, seminars, or internships related to potential career choices. This hands-on experience can give you a clearer picture of what to expect.
  • Educational Pathways: Understand the educational qualifications required for each career. Some might need specialised degrees, while others require additional training or certifications.
  • Job Market Trends: Research the demand for professions you’re considering. Some fields might have a higher demand and job security compared to others.


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With the vast array of options available, aligning your choice with your passions, strengths, and the market demand is essential. As the world becomes increasingly data-driven, one emerging field to consider is Business Analytics.

If you’re intrigued by the idea of deciphering data to drive business decisions, upGrad’s Executive Program in Business Analytics could be your next step.

Dive deep into the world of analytics, enhance your skill set, and open doors to a plethora of opportunities in the ever-evolving business landscape. Your future is just a click away – explore and elevate your career with upGrad!


What are the courses after 12th science PCM?

Students with PCM can pursue engineering (B.Tech/B.E.), B.Sc. in Physics, Chemistry, or Mathematics, architecture (B.Arch), and computer applications (BCA).

What are the high salary courses after 12th science PCMB?

Medical degrees (MBBS), engineering specialisations (like Computer Science or Electronics), biotechnology, and data science offer lucrative career prospects post-PCMB.

After PCMB which course is best?

The best course depends on individual interests; however, MBBS (for those inclined towards medicine) and B.Tech in core branches (for tech enthusiasts) are traditionally sought after.

What are the career options after 12th science PCB?

PCB students can opt for medical courses (MBBS, BDS) and B.Sc. in Biology, biotechnology, nursing, physiotherapy, and pharmacy, among others.

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