Our generation is very fortunate to have seen the development of the internet from just a fad to people’s primary income source. Yes, being a full-time YouTuber can actually pay more than some traditional income sources, which has been known to humankind. It is needless to say the technology we are surrounded with is essentially shaping up for our future, and that future is tech-driven.
Now, to suffice this growing need for an online presence and to serve the millions of users who are just making their first click on the internet, something needs to be done. The development of this something (which includes websites, web-based services, web apps, etc.) lies in developers’ hands. Everything that we interact with (electronically) daily is nothing but the thousands of code lines some developers wrote.
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Now, traditionally the developers who focus on the web-based services usually either tend to stick with developing the Front-end (client-side) or the back-end (server-side). The main job of a front-end developer is to create and dictate the experience of the end-user. Meanwhile, the back-end developer ensures that the front-end we see is precisely how it works by linking it with the brains (i.e., the server). But, a Full-stack as the name might suggest is someone who is adept at managing both the client-side and the server-side. Learn more about what full stack developers do?
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Skills needed to be a full-stack developer
To become a successful full-stack developer, there are a number of skills (both front and back end) you would need. Listed below are some non-negotiable skills expected from any full-stack developer:
1. HyperText Markup Language/ Cascade Style Sheet (HTML/CSS)
These two languages are essentially the bread and butter for any front-end developer. HTML is used to add any content that we want onto the website, and CSS is used to make everything look pretty. The proper use of both HTML and CSS is required to create the website’s entire look and feel and eventually dictate the traffic.
Both HTML and CSS serve their own purpose. For example HTML, it is used for describing web pages. HTML is not a programming language but rather a markup language where HTML uses the markup tags for describing the web pages.
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There are various advantages to using HTML firstly because it is easy to use and learn. It is free and supported by all browsers and lastly, it boasts of using the most user-friendly search engine.
HTML in general also serves a big purpose, apart from structuring the websites such as embedding websites, navigation through the internet, interacting with APIs, etc.
On the other hand, CSS is used for presenting websites in a good manner. Also, it opens the resource for adapting the presentation for different styles such as mobile, small screens, printers, etc. CSS is different from HTML as the former is used for better styling whereas the latter creates the structure. There are numerous full-stack developer jobs where these skill sets can benefit.
So, a full stack developer who has to be adept in both the front and back end needs to control both of these languages. They must be able to use HTML through which they should be able to dictate the structure of the web page (using the markup language). They also should be able to use CSS to control the look and feel of the HTML elements that they add.
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3. Git and GitHub
Git and GitHub is one name that every developer or even the ones aspiring to be a developer have either heard of or used for themselves. Git happens to be an open-source “Distributed Version Control System” that can handle almost every developer’s needs. The prominent feature of using Git or GitHub is because of the promise of speed and efficiency that Git promises independent of the size and the scale of the project. By using Git, any developer can very easily manage and make changes to any application, script, website, or even text document.
Basically, Git is used for code management. It is a DevOps tool which is open-source and free. There are various advantages to using Git, such as its capability to perform branching. The branching makes the workflow easier and smoother.
Git just makes life easier for any team working to build any tech-related solution. So, for a full stack developer, Git can come in handy in many ways. First, it will help you and the team with whom you are working within tracking any changes that are being made and who is the proprietor of the change. Secondly, it enables full-stack developers to explore the possibility, which was obscure to think of in the era before Git. So, knowledge of Git and GitHub, along with all its commands, is essential for a career in a full-stack.
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4. Backend Languages
Yes, so far, we have only covered the front-end aspect of being a full stack developer. However, as we already know that developing the client’s side is not the only job of any full-stack developer. So, listed below are some of the imperative languages that any full-stack developer must have in their toolkit:
PHP is, by far, one of the most popular choices when it comes to developing the backend for any web-based service. PHP happens to be open-source, has cross-platform compatibility, and can work seamlessly with any operating system. Thus, helping PHP cement its position as one of the most loved languages for backend development.
PHP is a server-side scripting language and is platform-independent. Web developers can create dynamic content to interact with databases using PHP. It is flexible, open- source and provides easy loading of applications. Thus becoming an asset while applying for back-end developer jobs.
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Python is essentially English. So, in the sea of languages with scary-looking syntax to master python stands out as being by far one of the easiest languages to learn. Due to its syntax, many developers love python, and because of this love that python receives from the community, there are many open-source libraries available. These libraries allow many developers to do very daunting tasks like web automation possible with only a few code lines. The python library of Django and Flask would prove useful for any full stack developer. If you are a python beginner, check out our Python project ideas article.
Python is a relevant language used for various purposes such as the development of websites, data analysis, automation, visualisation of data, etc. Including that it is also used for software development, computing, etc.
There are various big companies that use python such as Google, Netflix, Youtube, Dropbox, etc. It is highly advisable to learn python as it enables you to become more employable.
Ruby is all in all a powerful language. It has a fantastic community backing it alongside excellent documentation and dependencies. Thus, making Ruby a sought-after language in writing backend code.
Ruby is a useful tool for developing web applications. It is used for developing servers and data processing, scraping, etc. Some of the applications of Ruby are-
- Web applications
- Content Management
- Social networking sites
Ruby has a smoother syntax and much cleaner. It is a secure language and consistent in nature.
Java is essentially like a full stack developer because this language is also a jack of all trades. This language is used in web development, development of android, and desktop apps. Moreover, many frameworks are available in Java, which makes the job of a backend developer easier. This makes Java an essential language to be present in any full-stack developer’s arsenal. If you are a beginner, practice top Java projects.
Java is easy to learn and was designed to be easy and therefore is in demand. The language is object-oriented and importantly platform-independent.
There are various advantages attached to Java which add to its popularity, such as simple, portable, simple, large libraries, and secure.
9. Web Architecture
A full-stack developer is supposed to be the master of software development mainly because they know both the front and back-end development. They should be aware of all the various web architectures because they usually would be involved in developing complex software applications from ground zero. They should know what the best practices in writing clean and reusable code are, and they should also be aware of how the files are structured and how the databases store the data because they would be required to perform such tasks on a daily basis.
Web Architecture has various advantages such as cross-platform compatibility, it is much more manageable and updating the system becomes much easier.
Web architecture allows the interaction between web application components. It is important for security, enhances the smooth experience, and is highly scalable and flexible.
10. Basic Design Skills
Since any full-stack developer’s job also includes the position of any front-end developer; thus, full-stack developers should also have the knowledge of basic designing. They should know what is appealing and how to make the website appealing. They should also keep a close look at the industry standard and the industry’s path in terms of the design languages of the websites they are tasked to create.
Whenever there is a fullstack developer vacancy, the professionals should have certain skills and experience that make them ready to stay employable. Keeping oneself apart from the crowd there should be priority on certain skill sets that showcase what you possess.
The design skills would allow you to share how you can cater to various businesses by understanding the target audience. The more website would make sense to the target audience, the better growth the company would see along with the increased traffic.
The career path full stack developer is good and is filled with success and high compensation. So, while being skilled at the other technical aspects such as coding, testing, etc. Designing should also be given much emphasis.
Various career opportunities in full-stack development
Now that we know what basic skills are necessary to become a full-stack developer, let us take a look at what all the career opportunities in full-stack you have:
1. Full-Stack Developer
Yes, this is very obvious. You can use the skills you have gained to become a full stack developer. As already mentioned, you would be tasked with working with both the front and the back-end frameworks. Being a full-stack developer is something to be proud of because of the demand in the industry and the skills they possess. Check out full stack developer salary in India.
A full-stack developer is supposed to look after both the client-side and server-side responsibilities. They are responsible for designing the websites and developing them as well. The front-end and back-end functioning and operability is the concern of a full-stack developer.
Some of the skills required for a full-stack developer are mentioned below-
- Database management systems
It is considered one of the high-paying fields where te average salary for a full stack developer is 6.5 lakhs per annum. The salary average ranges from 2.4 lakhs per annum to 17.0 lakhs per annum.
2. Back-End Developer
You can use your knowledge of server-side languages such as Python, Ruby, Java, and PHP to the server-side scripting for the company which employs you. As a server-side developer, you would be responsible for making the brains of any technology that the organization is currently working on. The pay of a backend developer is generally higher than a full-stack developer because of the precise job requirements and the level of expertise needed to be a backend developer.
Some of the skill- sets for a back-end developer are mentioned below-
On average the salary procured by a backend developer is 5.5 lakhs per annum. The salary bracket ranges from 2.0 lakhs per annum to 19.7 lakhs per annum.
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3. Front-End Developer
4. Web Developer
Web developers differentiate themselves from the front-end developer by developing the backend more than a front-end developer. They should be adept in backed languages like Python, Ruby, etc. Read more about web developer salaries in India.
Some of the job responsibilities of a web developer are mentioned below-
- Designing the user interfaces
- Web application development
- Testing web applications
- Multimedia integration
Some of the web developer skills mentioned below are-
- Computer literacy
- Numeracy skills
- Creative ability
- Web development
With higher skill sets, experience and various other factors the salary bracket increases. On average the salary procured by a web developer is 3.0 lakhs per annum. The average salary ranges from 1.2 lakhs per annum to 7.5 lakhs per annum (Source).
5. Web Designer
The web designers are responsible for working extensively with the look and feel of the websites. They share a lot of their workload with the frontend developers.
Web designers are supposed to plan, create and code to develop a robust website. The web designer is supposed to understand the need of the business and develop a website that serves the business purpose and is relatable to the target audience.
Some of the skills required from a web designer are mentioned below-
- Visual designing
- Problem- Solving
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In conclusion, being a full-stack developer comes with a high skill ceiling. They are supposed to be adept at handling everything in the domain of web development. There are a lot of skills that are crucial for a career in a full-stack. However, once you have the necessary skills, you can apply them to become basically anyone you want. Thus, there are a lot of career opportunities in a full-stack. You can use part of your knowledge to serve as either a front or back-end developer, or you can obviously, by making use of the entire spectrum of your knowledge, can become a full stack developer.
We all know that as time progresses, more and more people will come online. They all will be needing web-based solutions, and that is where you would come into the picture. So, opting for a career in the full stack is a safe bet because the internet is not going anywhere anytime soon.
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Should I get into game development?
There are numerous reasons why you may wish to pursue a career as a game developer. You could enjoy playing games and wish to make your own. Perhaps you have a fantastic idea for a new game and want to bring it to life. You might also like to work in the games industry and learn more about what it's like to be a game developer. Regardless of your motivation, working as a game developer is a demanding and rewarding experience. Creating your own games and seeing them come to life can be a lot of fun. It can be time-consuming, but it's an excellent method to exercise your creative and problem-solving abilities.