Career in Web Development: Ultimate Guide [2022]

What matters the most to online businesses is their website. They can’t compromise with the quality and functionality of that website in the least bit. It is their way of reaching out to their customers, telling them about their offerings, and making them take action.

This is why a lot of businesses that initially thought against building a website and in favor of continuing with their physical presence have realized how important a website is for getting in touch with more people and selling more. This is where web development comes in. Businesses need to hire qualified and experienced web developers to do the job for them. 

As we are seeing a continuous rise in the number of businesses going online, the demand for web designers and developers is also increasing by the minute. However, you need to be different in the sense that you should be able to help businesses create a unique presence online. The competitive nature of the market demands business websites to understand buyer behavior and be developed in a way that makes buyers decide in favor of buying from that business. 

With newer development methodologies like agile development, the time of development has come down quite significantly, and the quality of the final product has gone up a few notches as well. Web developers nowadays are more adept at using different technologies to develop websites that are in line with business needs and customer expectations.

So, where do you stand? Do you think you have the skills? A career in web development is a promising career with great prospects as you move ahead. You will also have numerous web development career opportunities to choose from at different stages in your career. Before moving any further, let us first discuss who web developers are and the responsibilities they are required to fulfill. 

Who is a Web Developer?

In simple words, a web developer is responsible for the programming and coding of web-based services and websites that happens at the back end. It is often quite difficult to clearly differentiate between the roles and responsibilities in different web positions, such as web developers and designers.

However, we can safely say that web developers are more technically inclined than their web designing counterparts who are more focused on the look and feel of a website. The projects that web developers are involved in vary in complexity. They could be asked to work on simple web pages one time and multi-layered e-commerce web applications the other.

So if you are considering a career in web development, you need to be ready to work in a challenging environment where deadlines are a common phenomenon. 

Learn about: 21 Interesting Web Development Project Ideas For Beginners

What does a web developer do?

The responsibilities of a web developer include talking to clients over the phone or meeting with them to understand their requirements. It is very important for web developers to get clear answers to questions like what a client wants their website to do for them.

What features does a client want their website to have? If you start working on the website before speaking to the client, the website won’t even be close to what the client expects you to deliver. You will be required to redo it. Waste of time, isn’t it? This is a lesson that every budding web developer needs to learn sooner rather than later to make successful strides ahead in their respective careers.

You may be asked as a web developer by your employer to work on both the front and end of websites. Or you may be asked to work on just one of the two aspects. Some developers use Adobe Photoshop to work on a website’s design while others are responsible for using programming languages like CSS and HTML to write the code.

We are telling this to you to let you know that you need to be well-versed with all these aspects and that you should learn the skill that you don’t have. You are also required to have knowledge of web applications, software programs, and design principles. As a web developer, you can work a full-time employee with a company or a part-time consultant. You can even work as a freelancer. Here are some important responsibilities that a web developer fulfills:

  • Use PHP, HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and other such languages to design websites
  • Build and test web applications
  • Collaborate with web designers, graphic designers, and other professionals
  • Troubleshoot website problems
  • Track website traffic
  • Update and maintain websites

Web developers also collaborate with project managers to ensure that the final product meets pre-defined designs, scope, and budget. You may even have to show your clients a prototype of the website to give them an idea of how the final product will look like. Let us now see what you can earn as a web developer in India.

Web Developer Salary in India


The average base salary of a web developer in India is around Rs 3,08,000 per annum that includes around Rs 30,000 in bonuses and Rs 20,000 on a profit-sharing basis. This figure can go up to a maximum of 7,80,000 per annum or even beyond that depending on your experience, skillset, certifications, location, and employer.

If you are just starting out, you can expect to ear as low as Rs 1,23,000 per annum as well. Web developers are employed by some of the biggest companies that pay them really well. So if you get an opportunity to work with Inc, you will earn a salary of around Rs 1,400,000 per annum, which is the highest average salary that any company pays to its web developers. Other companies that hire web developers include Accenture, Cognizant, Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys Ltd, HCL Technologies Ltd, and Infotech, amongst others.

Web developers with 1-4 years of experience can make around Rs 3,04,000 per annum. With 5-9 years of experience, you can earn around Rs 5,89,000 per annum. If you have an experience of over 10 years in the field, you can earn around Rs 1,000,000 per annum or even more depending on different factors.

Your location also has a very important role to play. Web developers working in Hyderabad, Bangalore, New Delhi, and Mumbai earn more than the national average. On the other hand, web developers working in Kolkata and Chennai are paid less than the national average. 

Your skills as a web developer can contribute significantly to your salary. There are certain skills that you are expected to possess – HTML, jQuery, PHP, MySQL, CSS, WordPress, and others. Now you won’t even be considered for jobs if you don’t have these skills. Other skills like web development, Angular.js, and JavaScript, will help you get a better salary. 

Read more about: Web Designer Salary in India

Why should you choose a career in web development?

The web is going to get even bigger and better with time. Web developers will continue playing an important role. So having the skills to develop websites has several advantages.

  • Job flexibility: The job of a web developer is highly flexible. You are allowed to work the way you want to. If you are a team player, you can work full-time, or you can even go solo by working as a freelancer. If you are into something else and earn some passive income along with your primary job, you can work on a part-time basis as well. You are free to choose whatever suits you best!
  • It’s easy to begin: Even if you are not willing to be work with a company on a full-time basis, there is still plenty that you can do as a freelancer. All you need is the right skills. There are several online courses that provide you enough learning material and access to lectures and live learning sessions from industry experts. You can join one of these courses alongside your job. You can choose your own learning schedule and learn at your own pace. Look for courses or online learning platforms that provide placement assistance.  
  • There are always more skills to add to your resume: HTML, JavaScript, and CSS are the basic skills that you can’t do without as a web developer. However, if you are passionate about it and want to further your career, there’s plenty more to learn as well, including AngularJS, Ajax, PHP, Ruby, and more. If you are just starting out, you don’t need to worry about these additional skills. However, to advance in your career, you will need to learn these skills. 
  • Web development is interesting and fun: Web developers love everything about their work. Web development is amongst those jobs that have a significantly higher job satisfaction rate. There are several reasons that web developers are so satisfied with their jobs – salary, work-life balance, and flexibility, to name a few. 
  • There are job opportunities aplenty: There are more jobs than you think in web development. Whatever happens, online businesses will continue to build new websites or redesign existing ones to stay competitive and relevant. Web developers will never run out of jobs. 

Web Development Career Options

If you are a skilled web development professional, you will have several career options available in front of you. You may have to add a skill or two to your repertoire, but we don’t think that’s asking too much for a good career. Here are a few career options:

  • Front-end developer
  • Full-stack engineer
  • Back-end developer
  • Software engineer
  • Senior web developer

Also Read: What is the Future Scope of Full Stack Developer in India

Learn Software Courses online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs, or Masters Programs to fast-track your career.


If you are serious about starting a career as a web developer, you need to make sure you acquire the right skills first. Prepare yourself well before pitching your skills or appearing for an interview. This is your chance of work a job that pays well, is flexible and offers you job satisfaction.

If you’re interested to learn more about full-stack software development, check out upGrad & IIIT-B’s Executive PG Program in Full-stack Software Development which is designed for working professionals and offers 500+ hours of rigorous training, 9+ projects, and assignments, IIIT-B Alumni status, practical hands-on capstone projects & job assistance with top firms.

What are the types of roles in web development?

Web developer, Software developer, Web designer, UI developer, Web designer, Web programmer, Webmaster are some of the types of roles in web development. Web developer is the person who is working with the Web and developing applications on the Web. His basic role is to create websites and applications. He uses programming languages like PHP, ColdFusion, JSP, ASP, Python etc. Web development is split into two main categories: front-end, and back-end. Front-end developers are responsible for the look and feel, usability, accessibility, and speed of the website. Back-end developers are responsible for the functionality and business rules behind the website.

What does a web-developer do?

Web developers build your websites, and help it look beautiful and professional. Developers have the ability to work on many different parts of the website, including server configuration and database development. Many web developers use a program called html to develop the website pages. Html is a programming language that converts your website design into the code that is used to show the website on the internet. A web-developer analyzes a customer's needs and then creates a website or a part of a website to meet those needs. The web-developer uses computer languages like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, ASP, PHP and MySQL to create a website. Above all, he also makes sure that the website is compatible on different browsers, and that it is easy to maintain.

What is front-end web development?

Front-end development is the process of designing and building the interactive elements of a website. Front-end web developers are responsible for the look, feel, and overall user experience of a website. Most websites you see are created using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Front-end web developers are the ones who write code that makes up the majority of a website's content. This includes things like buttons, headers, navigation menus, images, etc. As opposed to back-end web development that deals with the databases and other server-side functionality of a website.

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