Agile Manifesto Explained: Understanding Agile Values

Manifestos are formal declarations of principles or beliefs that guide movements or ideologies. The impact of the Agile Manifesto principles has extended beyond its origins in software development to influence a wide array of industries. 

Since its inception, it has served as a guiding compass to software engineers, offering invaluable insights into navigating the complexities of these fields. The 4 Agile Manifesto values have revolutionised the world of project management by emphasising collaboration, customer satisfaction, and adaptability. It promotes a people-focused, customer-centric approach, leading to more effective and responsive project outcomes.

In this blog, we explore the 4 values of Agile Manifesto, delving into its history, its core principles, and its profound impact on modern project management practices.

Agile Manifesto: Explained

The Agile Manifesto outlines essential principles for working more efficiently, particularly in software development and project management. 

These principles revolve around four key ideas:

  • First: It emphasizes that people and how they work together are more important than using fancy tools or processes. 
  • Second: It highlights the value of producing a working result over creating extensive documentation. 
  • Third: It promotes close collaboration and communication with customers instead of getting caught up in strict contracts. 
  • Fourth: It underscores the importance of being adaptable and ready to change rather than sticking rigidly to a fixed plan.

The Agile approach values essentially provide a structured way of working that encourages teamwork, flexibility, and customer satisfaction. While it initially emerged in the software world, its influence has extended to various industries, all seeking to improve efficiency and meet customer needs more effectively.

The Purpose of Agile Principles and Values

The Agile approach values serve as a guiding philosophy in software development, emphasizing principles that have since extended their influence into various industries. It centres on effective communication, collaboration, customer satisfaction, and adaptability. 

The following principles from the Agile Manifesto in software engineering represent a fundamental shift in thinking about how work should be approached to achieve success:-

  • Communication and collaboration: Prioritises effective communication and collaboration among team members over strict rules and procedures.
  • Customer satisfaction: Focuses on delivering valuable, working software to satisfy customer needs and preferences.
  • Flexibility and adaptability: Encourages teams to adapt and respond to changing circumstances, fostering quicker problem-solving.
  • Practical work over documentation: Shifts the focus from extensive documentation to producing practical, results-oriented work.
  • High-quality software: Promotes the creation of high-quality software that is performant, scalable, secure, and easy to maintain.
  • Detailed planning: Encourages thorough project planning to ensure clear objectives and alignment within the team.

4 Core Values of Agile Manifesto 

The Agile principles are underpinned by four core values distinguishing this methodology from traditional project management approaches. These values prioritise individuals, practical results, collaboration, and adaptability, shaping the Agile framework’s unique character.

Here are the 4 Agile values explained in detail:-

  • Individuals and interactions over process and tools: Agile places greater emphasis on people and their ability to respond to business needs, considering them as drivers of the development process, over relying solely on processes and tools, which can be less adaptable.
  • Working software over comprehensive documentation: Agile values practical results, emphasising the importance of producing functional software rather than extensive documentation, acknowledging that while documentation has value, software delivery is paramount.
  • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation: Agile promotes collaboration between customers and product managers throughout a project’s life cycle, favouring continuous feedback and collaboration over rigid contract negotiations.
  • Responding to changes over following a plan: Agile embraces change as an opportunity for improvement, working in short, adaptable iterations or sprints, which allow for flexibility and the incorporation of changes to enhance the project’s value.

Check out our free technology courses to get an edge over the competition.

The Origins of The Agile Manifesto Values and Principles

In the early 2000s, a group of 17 software development experts gathered at Snowbird, Utah, to discuss the future of project management methodologies. This group, often called the “Agile Alliance,” included influential figures in the software development world, such as Kent Beck, Martin Fowler, and Alistair Cockburn. 

Together, they crafted the Agile Manifesto, outlining the values and principles underpinning the Agile approach to software development and project management. The outcome of this meeting was the values of Agile Manifesto that challenged conventional practices, ushering in a new era of adaptable and customer-centric work approaches. 

Though not in complete agreement on every aspect, the participants laid the groundwork for Agile software development and introduced a term synonymous with flexibility and responsiveness. Since then, the Agile Manifesto values and principles have gained momentum, aiding software developers and traditional project managers. 

Importance of the Agile Manifesto

The Agile Manifesto holds significant importance in Agile project management. It provides a foundational framework and guiding principles that empower teams to work more efficiently and effectively in a collaborative and customer-focused manner. 

Here are the key reasons for the importance of the Agile principles and values:-

  • Guiding principles: The Agile Manifesto sets forth a clear set of values and principles that help teams prioritise customer satisfaction, collaboration, and adaptability. This clarity allows teams to make informed decisions that align with their goals and values.
  • Customer-centric approach: By emphasising customer happiness and satisfaction, the Agile Manifesto ensures that project plans and tasks are aligned with delivering value to the end-users. This customer-centric focus helps create products that better meet customer needs and expectations.
  • Flexibility and adaptability: Agile methodologies, as guided by the Manifesto, encourage teams to be flexible and adaptable in response to changing requirements or market dynamics. This adaptability is crucial in today’s fast-paced business environment.
  • Team empowerment: The Agile approach values empower teams to take ownership of their work, make decisions, and continuously improve their processes. This sense of ownership fosters a more motivated and engaged team.
  • Efficient collaboration: Agile encourages close collaboration among team members, stakeholders, and customers. This collaboration enhances communication, reduces misunderstandings, and promotes a shared understanding of project goals.
  • Iterative and incremental progress: Agile promotes iterative development and incremental progress, allowing teams to deliver value in smaller, manageable increments. This approach provides stakeholders early visibility into the project’s direction and fosters feedback-driven improvements.
  • Risk reduction: Agile methodologies help identify and mitigate risks early in the project lifecycle. Frequent inspections and adaptability allow teams to address issues promptly.
  • Continuous improvement: The Agile Manifesto encourages a culture of continuous improvement by regularly reflecting on team processes and outcomes. This leads to ongoing enhancements in efficiency and product quality.
  • Alignment with business goals: Agile practices, guided by the 4 values of Agile Manifesto, ensure that project activities are closely aligned with the broader business objectives. This alignment helps organisations achieve their strategic goals more effectively.

Check Out upGrad’s Software Development Courses to upskill yourself.

Read our Popular Articles related to Software Development

Using Agile Manifesto: The How-Tos

Applying the Agile Manifesto effectively requires a thoughtful approach encompassing the principles and practices it promotes. Here are some tips and tricks for applying the Agile Manifesto:

  • Understand the foundation: Begin by thoroughly understanding the Agile Manifesto and its principles. Ensure your team and stakeholders are familiar with its values.
  • Embrace Agile values: Cultivate an Agile mindset centred on collaboration, adaptability, and customer focus. Encourage team members to adopt this mindset.
  • Customer focus: Keep the customer at the core of your work. Prioritise customer feedback to guide product development.
  • Cross-functional teams: Form cross-functional teams to promote collaboration and reduce dependencies, streamlining project execution.
  • Iterative development: Break projects into small, manageable increments and embrace iterative development cycles.
  • Regular feedback: Establish feedback mechanisms, conduct retrospectives, and promote open communication within the team and with stakeholders.
  • Encourage teams: Motivate your teams to make decisions and take ownership of their work. Foster autonomy and trust.
  • Embrace change: Be adaptable and open to changing requirements, adjusting plans as needed.
  • Celebrate achievements: Boost morale and motivation by celebrating team achievements and milestones.
  • Patience and persistence: Understand that Agile transformation takes time and effort. Be patient and persistent in your Agile journey.

Does the Agile Manifesto Still Hold Relevance Today?

The Agile Manifesto remains relevant and treated equally important because it can adapt to what organisations need. With businesses evolving quickly, the Manifesto’s focus on flexibility is crucial. 

Also, in a time when customers expect a lot, the Manifesto’s core values, which prioritise making customers happy and delivering value, are a solid guide. As technology advances, Agile’s way of doing things—step by step—fits perfectly with staying innovative. 

When it comes to global and remote work setups, Agile’s teamwork and communication principles are vital. It’s also helpful for complex projects and encourages continuous improvement. Agile’s success isn’t limited to software—it works in many industries. So, it’s a timeless and versatile framework for success.

Explore Our Software Development Free Courses

Agile, Scrum and Other Methodologies

The Agile Manifesto and Scrum are closely related but distinct concepts within Agile project management and software development. While Agile Manifesto is a set of guiding values and principles, Scrum is a specific Agile framework that operationalises many of the Agile Manifesto principles on the other hand. 

It provides a structured approach to project management and product development, featuring roles like Scrum Master and Product Owner, events like Sprint Planning and Daily Standups, and artefacts like the Product Backlog and Sprint Backlog.

In Scrum, the values of Agile Manifesto are crucial. The Agile values and principles serve as the philosophical underlining of Scrum practices, guiding the behaviour and mindset of Scrum teams. 

Criticism and Controversies About the Agile Manifesto

While Agile offers numerous benefits, its practical implementation can be challenging and may not always align seamlessly with the cultures and practices of all businesses and projects. Here are some of the criticisms and controversies surrounding the 4 core values of Agile Manifesto:-

  • Limited success in practice: Agile may not always succeed due to misinterpretation or incomplete adoption of principles.
  • Cultural misalignment: Agile’s methods and culture may not align well with some businesses, leading to implementation challenges.
  • Resistance to change: Agile often faces resistance when requiring significant cultural shifts.
  • Overemphasis on speed: Agile’s focus on quick iterations can sometimes neglect other vital aspects like quality and documentation.
  • Customer understanding: Teams may struggle to understand and prioritise customer needs effectively.
  • Scope creep: Agile’s flexibility can result in scope creep, potentially affecting project timelines and budgets.

In-Demand Software Development Skills


The Agile Manifesto serves as a foundational document guiding teams toward effective project management and product development. Its four core values prioritise customer satisfaction, collaboration, adaptability, and working solutions. By embracing an Agile mindset, applying these values, and following best practices, organisations can create customer-centric, highly adaptable teams that continuously deliver value. 

While there are distinctions between Agile and specific methodologies like Scrum, the overarching goal remains to deliver high-quality products that meet customer needs in software development.

Which of the Agile Manifesto values and principles is the most important?

The importance of Agile Manifesto values and principles may vary depending on the context, but all are essential to fostering Agile practices effectively.

What does the Agile Manifesto mean by value delivery?

Value delivery in the Agile Manifesto refers to the continuous and timely delivery of valuable, working software or products to customers.

Agile Manifesto has how many values?

The Agile Manifesto consists of four core values.

What is the difference between Agile values and Scrum values?

Agile values are the principles outlined in the Agile Manifesto, while Scrum values are specific principles and behaviours that guide teams using the Scrum framework, which is just one of many Agile methodologies.

Want to share this article?

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Our Popular Software Engineering Courses

Get Free Consultation

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get Free career counselling from upGrad experts!
Book a session with an industry professional today!
No Thanks
Let's do it
Get Free career counselling from upGrad experts!
Book a Session with an industry professional today!
Let's do it
No Thanks